This volume presents a comprehensive overview of childhood trauma, considering the psychopathological definition and its neurobiological implications as well as its impact on different psychiatric disorders. The focus on childhood trauma rather than that occurring in adulthood is important due to its general “neuro-psyco-socio” and its specific biological implications, since trauma during childhood impacts directly on neurodevelopment. It has been suggested that early life stress increases vulnerability to psychiatric disorders; however, the exact mechanisms of this association are not yet completely understood. Although childhood trauma could be considered too unspecific to be an important risk factor for individual psychiatric disorders since it seems to occur across the board, it impacts differently on different psychiatric disorders, and it can modulate their clinical expression. Therefore, the assessment of early trauma needs to be included in the clinical evaluation of patients with psychiatric disorders. The volume will be an invaluable tool for psychiatrists, helping them to select suitable pharmacological, psychotherapeutic and rehabilitative treatments.
Author: Barbara Everett,Ruth GallopPublish On: 2000-09-21
Effective Interventions for Mental Health Professionals
Author: Barbara Everett,Ruth Gallop
Publisher: SAGE Publications
This informative book gives mental health professionals who are not child abuse specialists knowledge and skills that are especially relevant to their direct service role and practice context. It introduces to these practitioners a conceptual bridge between biomedical and psychosocial understandings of mental disorder, providing a multidimensional approach that allows professionals to think holistically and connect clients' abusive pasts with their present-day symptoms and behaviors. It includes reviews of the most up-to-date findings with direct practice guides in helping clients.
Author: Carol S. Aneshensel,Jo C. PhelanPublish On: 2006-05-11
Author: Carol S. Aneshensel,Jo C. Phelan
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
This book describes ways in which society shapes the mental health of its members, and shapes the lives of those identified as mentally ill. Experts in the sociology of mental health discuss in depth the interface between society and the inward experiences of its members.
Author: Bessel A. Van der KolkPublish On: 2003-05-01
Author: Bessel A. Van der Kolk
Publisher: American Psychiatric Pub
How many of your psychiatric patients have a history of severe physical or psychological abuse or other psychological trauma? These patients often present diagnostic dilemmas, get a variety of diagnoses, and frequently prove difficult-to-treat. They may have syndromes that are reminiscent of the post-traumatic sequelae in adults, such as physiological hyperactivity, a sense of loss of control, passivity alternating with uncontrolled violence, and sleep disturbances including nightmares. Investigating the impact of the traumatic event in connection with the development of the disorder is essential to an effective treatment approach. Psychological Trauma provides a basis for understanding human response to trauma. The consequences of specific traumas have usually been described as separate entities. This is the first book to examine human response to trauma as a whole. In this thorough study of the biologic, psychodynamic and social consequences of trauma, separate chapters explore: * The impact of separation from the parental figure on a child's development, including cognitive and neurological disturbances* The psychobiology of traumatic response* Traumatic antecedents of borderline personality disorder* The effect of trauma on the family unit* Amnesia and dissociation as response to trauma* A stress management approach that can be incorporated into the treatment of patients
INTRODUCTION TO WORKING WITH ADULT SURVIVORS OF CHILDHOOD TRAUMA: TECHNIQUES AND STRATEGIES represents the first primer for practice with victims of childhood trauma. Author, professor, and practicing social worker Carolyn Knight focuses on skills and techniques for which there is solid theoretical and empirical support, emphasizing strategies that are likely to be useful to practitioners of varying professional backgrounds and working in diverse practice settings. The book is organized around phases in the helping relationship and is based on the assumption that core practice skills have their greatest utility at different points in the work. Important Notice: Media content referenced within the product description or the product text may not be available in the ebook version.
Author: Theo Stickley,Thurstine BassettPublish On: 2008-04-28
Author: Theo Stickley,Thurstine Bassett
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
An introduction to mental health practice ideal for non-psychologists Learning About Mental Health Practice covers the key areas of contemporary mental health practice and is ideal for those in the early stages of their mental health training. The text is organized into three parts. Part I (Foundations) covers the Ten Shared Capabilities, a framework that has been developed by the Sainsbury Centre for Mental Health as a framework for the whole of the mental health workforce. Part II (Issues) includes chapters on socially inclusive practice, service user involvement, interdisciplinary team working, and working with families. Finally, Part III (Approaches) includes chapters on psychological approaches, medication management, holistic approaches, and spirituality and mental health. A student text to accompany Teaching Mental Health (978-0-470-03029-5) Focuses on the 'Ten Essential Shared Capabilities': Working in Partnership; Respecting Diversity; Practicing Ethically; Challenging Inequality; Promoting Recovery; Identifying People's Needs and Strengths; Providing Service User Centred Care; Making a Difference; Promoting Safety and Positive Risk Taking; Personal Development and Learning Much-needed: in 2006 Professor Lord Layard, Professor of Health Economics at the LSE, made a seminal speech in which he outlined an initiative to scale up therapy for people suffering from depression and anxiety by training an additional 10,000 clinical psychologists and therapists
An overview of childhood traumatic exposures and their impact for health care providers - child and adolescent psychiatrists, general psychiatrists, other pediatric behavioral health providers and primary care clinicians - is presented. Most clinicians are unaware that children in the United States are exposed to trauma frequently, either as a single occurrence, or through repeated events. These exposures result in neurobiological, developmental and clinical sequelae that can undermine children's health and well-being. This issue describes the multiple types of traumatic exposures and their sequelae, methods of screening and assessment, and principles of effective prevention and clinical treatment. The volume highlights areas of particular relevance to children, such as natural disasters, war, domestic violence, school and community violence, sexual victimization, and complex trauma. Each is differentiated as a unique trauma, requiring trauma-informed systems of care to effectively meet the needs of the exposed population. Since traumatic exposure results in added risk to child well-being, the third section of the volume describes strategies for primary prevention (e.g. violence prevention) and risk mitigation (e.g. skill and resilience building strategies), as well as reviews evidence based treatments for trauma-induced clinical disorders.
PTSD is a recently named psychiatric condition that unknown before the publication of DSM-III in 1980. The creation of this diagnosis was intensely controversial, and there continued to be considerable reluctance to apply the term to children. The 1985 landmark volume, Posttraumatic Stress Disorder in Children, edited by Spencer Eth and Robert Pynoos, helped establish the validity of this condition during childhood. Now Spencer Eth has edited PTSD in Children and Adolescents, a work that brings the field of childhood trauma in to the new century by offering fresh insights on five major topic areas in child and adolescent PTSD: Techniques for comprehensive evaluation -- details recently developed diagnostic instruments and rating scales that measure the variety and severity of traumatic symptoms in children and adolescents. Forensic aspects of traumatized children -- surveys legally pertinent issues, including abuse, reliability of traumatic memories, and credibility of child victims. Juvenile offenders and incarcerated youth -- examines the role of trauma in the lives of juvenile offenders, noting that the victimization of delinquents must be specifically addressed in order for an integrated approach to treatment to achieve effective rehabilitation. Biological treatment strategies -- systematically reviews the important role of medications for PTSD in clinical practice, including such topics as biological dysregulation, target symptoms, and the inclusion of drugs into the biopsychosocial treatment plan. The relationship between exposure to trauma in childhood and the development of psychiatric disorders in adulthood -- presents current research on the long-term prognosis of traumatized children and adolescents by analyzing the association between early traumatic exposure, biological substrates, and subsequent symptomatic morbidity. Mental health practitioners and trainees, as well as attorneys, pediatricians, and school personnel, will find this thoroughly annotated volume an invaluable roadmap in their journey toward understanding PTSD and discovering more effective treatments for traumatized children and adolescents. With its eclectic perspective and interdisciplinary format, this exceptional reference will also enhance courses in developmental psychology, social work, and education.