Chemicals Human Health and the Environment

Chemicals  Human Health  and the Environment

This book provides a history of these early years from a scientific and sociopolitical perspective to provide the necessary background for charting a course for the new millennium.

Author: John F. Sieckhaus Ph.D

Publisher: Xlibris Corporation

ISBN: 9781462810437

Category: Nature

Page: 290

View: 913

As we enter the new millennium, chemical and energy technology practice is in the throes of a paradigm shift. During the past fi fty years there has been a growing awareness of the adverse effects of chemical products, byproducts and wastes upon human health and the environment, and the development of federal and state regulations has been an important fi rst step in the redress of these problems. This book provides a history of these early years from a scientific and sociopolitical perspective to provide the necessary background for charting a course for the new millennium. The sources of pollution of the air we breathe, the water we drink, the land that provides our sustenance and the blood that courses through our veins are no longer regional or even national in scope and it is clear that new ways of thinking are required to insure that the ongoing evolution of chemical and energy technology is in keeping with the needs of all the people and ecosystems of planet earth. The book concludes with an environmental credo to provide the technical, political and ethical bases for the paradigm shift to a sustainable balance among chemicals, human health and the environment.
Categories: Nature

Environmental Toxicology And Human Health Volume II

Environmental Toxicology And Human Health   Volume II

These two volumes are aimed at the following five major target audiences: University and College Students Educators, Professional Practitioners, Research Personnel and Policy Analysts, Managers, and Decision Makers, NGOs and GOs.

Author: Tetsuo Satoh

Publisher: EOLSS Publications

ISBN: 9781848262522

Category:

Page: 266

View: 517

Environmental Toxicology and Human Health is a component of Encyclopedia of Environmental and Ecological Sciences, Engineering and Technology Resources in the global Encyclopedia of Life Support Systems (EOLSS), which is an integrated compendium of twenty one Encyclopedias. Toxicology is the study of harmful effects of chemicals on biological systems. Humans, animals, and plants are increasingly being exposed to chemicals in the environment. The ever-increasing use of chemicals in industries has also resulted in further pollution of the environment. As toxic chemicals are widespread in the environment, there is a potential for these chemicals to cause significant damage and harmful effects on human health. The volume on Environmental Toxicology and Human Health discusses matters of great relevance to our world such as: Environmental Toxicology and Human Health; Health Effects from Exposure to Acute Levels of Industrial Chemicals; Health Effects from Exposure to Chronic Levels of Industrial Chemicals; Control Strategies; Pediatric Lead Poisoning of Residential Origin; Insecticides; Herbicides; Rodenticides; Virus-Induced Diseases; Fungus and Actinomycete-Induced Diseases; Sportfish Consumption: Socio-Cultural and Economic Aspects, Ethnicity and Effectiveness of Health Advisories; Impact of Socioeconomic Factors on Residential Indoor Air Quality and Human Health; Social Concerns for Environmental Exposures to Toxic Substances; Environmental Justice as a Component of Environmental Decision-Making; Minamata Disease in Japan; Mercury-Contaminated Grain in Iraq; Case Study of Air Pollution Episodes in Meuse Valley of Belgium, Donora of Pennsylvania, and London, U.K.; Case Study of the Bhopal Incident; Case Study of Lyme Disease; Case History: Ebola Hemorrhagic Fever in Zaire, 1995; Case Studies of Anthrax Outbreaks; Case Study of Health Effects of Cryptosporidium in Drinking Water . These two volumes are aimed at the following five major target audiences: University and College Students Educators, Professional Practitioners, Research Personnel and Policy Analysts, Managers, and Decision Makers, NGOs and GOs.
Categories:

Environmental Exposures and Human Health Challenges

Environmental Exposures and Human Health Challenges

The book also addresses inequalities and environmental injustices in relation to environmental exposures and health impacts.

Author: Papadopoulou, Paraskevi

Publisher: IGI Global

ISBN: 9781522576365

Category: Medical

Page: 449

View: 477

Environmental health is an area with significant developments and noteworthy challenges that expand into various disciplines: medicine and public health, sociology and communications, technology, policymaking, and legislation. Due to the massive amount of health-related issues, additional literature involving environmental health is required to improve the wellbeing of citizens worldwide. Environmental Exposures and Human Health Challenges provides interdisciplinary insights into concepts and theories related to environmental exposures and human health impacts via the air, water, soil, heavy metal exposure, and other chemical toxins. The book also addresses inequalities and environmental injustices in relation to environmental exposures and health impacts. Covering topics such as health policies, pollution effects, and heavy metal exposure, this publication is designed for public health professionals, preventive medicine specialists, clinicians, data scientists, environmentalists, academicians, practitioners, researchers, and students.
Categories: Medical

Pollutants Human Health and the Environment

Pollutants  Human Health and the Environment

Clearly structured throughout, the main body of the book is divided by pollutant type with a chapter devoted to each group of pollutants. Each chapter follows a similar format to facilitate comparison and discussion.

Author: Jane A. Plant

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9781119951063

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 400

View: 588

Pollutants, Human Health and the Environment is a comprehensive, up-to-date overview of environmental pollutants that are of current concern to human health. Clearly structured throughout, the main body of the book is divided by pollutant type with a chapter devoted to each group of pollutants. Each chapter follows a similar format to facilitate comparison and discussion. For each pollutant, the authors describe the sources, pathways, environmental fate and sinks as well as known toxicological effects. Importantly, the second chapter on heavy metals and other inorganic substances deals with trace element deficiencies which can have serious problems for human health. Some rocks and soils are naturally low in some trace elements and intensive agriculture over the past half century has effectively mined many trace elements reducing their levels in soils and crops. The final chapter is a discussion about the various risk assessment frameworks and regulations covering the main pollutants. Comprehensive, up-to-date coverage of environmental pollutants of concern to human health Clearly divided into pollutant type with each chapter devoted to a different pollutant group Clearly structured throughout with the same format for each chapter to help facilitate comparison and discussion and enable readers to prioritise chemicals of concern Description of the sources, pathways, environmental fate and known toxicological effect Includes contributions from leading researchers and edited by a team of experts in the field
Categories: Technology & Engineering

The Environmental Pendulum

The Environmental Pendulum

This is a scientific view of what toxic chemicals threaten our environment and our bodies, what risks are exaggerated, and what is being downplayed in the media (as revealed, for example, in A Civil Action).

Author: R. Allan Freeze

Publisher: Univ of California Press

ISBN: 0520220471

Category: Medical

Page: 323

View: 804

This is a scientific view of what toxic chemicals threaten our environment and our bodies, what risks are exaggerated, and what is being downplayed in the media (as revealed, for example, in A Civil Action).
Categories: Medical

Our Chemical Selves

Our Chemical Selves

This book demonstrates the urgent need to revise existing approaches to the regulation of toxic substances in Canada.

Author: Dayna Nadine Scott

Publisher: UBC Press

ISBN: 9780774828369

Category: Political Science

Page: 436

View: 299

Everyday exposures to common chemicals found in homes, schools, and workplaces are having devastating long-term and inter-generational consequences on human health. At the same time, the risks associated with these exposures (and the burdens of managing them) rest disproportionately on the shoulders of women. Written by leading researchers in science, law, and public policy, the chapters in Our Chemical Selves critically examine the system that manufactures the chemicals as well as the social, political, and gender relations that enable harmful chemicals to continue being produced and consumed. This book demonstrates the urgent need to revise existing approaches to the regulation of toxic substances in Canada.
Categories: Political Science

Impact of Textile Dyes on Public Health and the Environment

Impact of Textile Dyes on Public Health and the Environment

Impact of Textile Dyes on Public Health and the Environment is an essential reference source that focuses on the environmental impact and social responsibility of the dyeing industry.

Author: Wani, Khursheed Ahmad

Publisher: IGI Global

ISBN: 9781799803133

Category: Medical

Page: 335

View: 412

As society has become increasingly concerned with the protection and preservation of the environment, many industries have been pushed to comply with new policies and social demands for more environmentally-friendly and sustainable practices and products. However, the textile dyeing industry remains a significant source of complex environmental issues with legislative requirements that often vary in detail and severity concerning the exposure and hazards of potentially harmful chemicals and other associated materials. It is vital that the industry sector involved in the application of dyes continues to be sensitive to potential adverse effects on the environment in its widest sense and respond accordingly. Impact of Textile Dyes on Public Health and the Environment is an essential reference source that focuses on the environmental impact and social responsibility of the dyeing industry. While highlighting topics such as toxicology, bleaching, and greenhouse gases, this publication is ideally designed for chemists, industrialists, non-governmental organization members, environmentalists, fashion designers, clothes manufacturers, scientists, academicians, researchers, students, and practitioners seeking current research on dyeing’s potentially adverse effects on the environment and strategic, effective responses.
Categories: Medical

Effects of Persistent and Bioactive Organic Pollutants on Human Health

Effects of Persistent and Bioactive Organic Pollutants on Human Health

Unfortunately, exposure to some organic chemicals can result in adverse health effects, from growth and developmental disorders to cancer and neurodegenerative diseases. This book examines how organic chemicals affect human health.

Author: David O. Carpenter

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9781118679548

Category: Science

Page: 608

View: 207

Examines what we know about the relationship between organicchemicals and human disease Organic chemicals are everywhere: in the air we breathe, thewater we drink, and the food we eat. They are also found in amyriad of common household and personal care products.Unfortunately, exposure to some organic chemicals can result inadverse health effects, from growth and developmental disorders tocancer and neurodegenerative diseases. This book examines howorganic chemicals affect human health. It looks at the differentdiseases as well as how individual organ systems are affected byorganic chemicals. Effects of Persistent and Bioactive Organic Pollutants onHuman Health begins with an introductory chapter explaining whywe should care about organic chemicals and their effect on humanhealth. Next, the authors address such important topics as: Burden of cancer from organic chemicals Organic chemicals and obesity Effects of organic chemicals on the male reproductivesystem Organic chemicals and the immune system Intellectual developmental disability syndromes and organicchemicals Mental illness and exposure to organic chemicals The book ends with an assessment of how much human disease iscaused by organic chemicals. Chapters have been contributed byleading international experts in public and environmental healthand are based on the latest research findings. Readers will findthat all of the contributions are clear and easy to comprehend,with extensive references for further investigation of individualtopics. Effects of Persistent and Bioactive Organic Pollutants onHuman Health is recommended for students and professionals inmedicine as well as public and environmental health, bringing themfully up to date with what we know about the relationship betweenorganic chemicals and human health.
Categories: Science

Calculated Risks

Calculated Risks

This book provides a practical and balanced view on toxicology, control, risk assessment and risk management, addressing the interplay between science and public health policy.

Author: Joseph V. Rodricks

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9781139459518

Category: Science

Page: 358

View: 636

Safeguarding economic prosperity, whilst protecting human health and the environment, is at the forefront of scientific and public interest. This book provides a practical and balanced view on toxicology, control, risk assessment and risk management, addressing the interplay between science and public health policy. This revised edition provides a detailed analysis on chemical and by-product exposure, how they enter the body and the suitability of imposed safety limits. Chapters on dose, with particular emphasis on children and vulnerable subpopulations, reproductive and developmental toxicants and toxicity testing are included. With updated and comprehensive coverage of international developments of risk management and safety, this will have broad appeal to researchers and professionals involved in chemical safety and regulation as well as the general reader interested in environmental pollution and public health.
Categories: Science

Environmental Health Sourcebook

Environmental Health Sourcebook

Provides basic consumer health information about the environment and its effect on health.

Author: Dawn D. Matthews

Publisher: Omnigraphics Incorporated

ISBN: UCSC:32106017261204

Category: Health & Fitness

Page: 673

View: 245

Provides basic consumer health information about the environment and its effect on health.
Categories: Health & Fitness

Derivation and Use of Environmental Quality and Human Health Standards for Chemical Substances in Water and Soil

Derivation and Use of Environmental Quality and Human Health Standards for Chemical Substances in Water and Soil

1.1 background Chemical standards are widely used to protect the environment
and human health from substances released by human activity. Generally,
standards relate to doses or concentrations in the environment for specific
chemicals, ...

Author: Mark Crane

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1439803455

Category: Science

Page: 168

View: 616

A balanced, comprehensive overview of Environmental Quality Standards (EQS), Derivation and Use of Environmental Quality and Human Health Standards for Chemical Substances in Water and Soil addresses the selection and prioritization of substances for standard derivation. With integrated content and up-to-date information on assessment of regulations that affect the derivation and use of EQS, it examines the derivation of these standards and their implementation to protect human health and the environment. The book is based on contributions from thirty-five scientists, regulators, and policy makers from eleven countries with individual expertise across disciplines such as risk assessment, environmental, health, economic, and social sciences. These scientists summarize current knowledge on aquatic and terrestrial environmental quality standards, placing these standards in a wider socioeconomic and regulatory context. The book explains how to derive environmental standards that are defensible from a scientific and socioeconomic perspective. Using multidisciplinary techniques applicable to water, sediments, and soils; the text demonstrates how to select the best form and derivation method relative to individual environmental standards. The book presents an in-depth examination of when, where, and how to implement environmental standards based on the social and economic context. It includes detailed coverage of technical approaches that shed light on the derivation and implementation of EQSs. It also identifies future research that will help to underpin the science of environmental and human health standards.
Categories: Science

Generations at Risk

Generations at Risk

The result of a collaboration involving public health professionals, physicians, environmental educators, and policy advocates, this book examines how scientific, social, economic, and political systems may fail to protect us from ...

Author: Ted Schettler

Publisher: MIT Press

ISBN: 0262692473

Category: Medical

Page: 417

View: 318

Compelling evidence suggests that human exposure to some toxic chemicals can have lifelong and even intergenerational effects on reproduction and development. Generations at Risk presents compelling evidence that human exposure to some toxic chemicals can have lifelong and even intergenerational effects on human reproduction and development. The result of a collaboration involving public health professionals, physicians, environmental educators, and policy advocates, this book examines how scientific, social, economic, and political systems may fail to protect us from environmental and occupational toxicants. It is an important sourcebook for those concerned about their own health and that of their loved ones, as well as for medical and public health workers, community activists, policymakers, and industrial decision makers.
Categories: Medical

Principles of Environmental Chemistry

Principles of Environmental Chemistry

This new, revised text book focuses on the chemistry involved in environmental problems. Complete with worked examples, the book is aimed at advanced undergraduate and graduate chemistry students studying environmental chemistry.

Author: Roy M. Harrison

Publisher: Royal Society of Chemistry

ISBN: 9780854043712

Category: Science

Page: 363

View: 101

An in-depth introduction to the chemical processes influencing the atmosphere, freshwaters, salt waters and soils.
Categories: Science

WHO Human Health Risk Assessment Toolkit

WHO Human Health Risk Assessment Toolkit

The purpose of the WHO Human Health Risk Assessment Toolkit: Chemical Hazards is to provide its users with guidance to identify, acquire and use the information needed to assess chemical hazards, exposures and the corresponding health risks ...

Author: World Health Organization

Publisher:

ISBN: 924154807X

Category: Medical

Page: 87

View: 506

The purpose of the WHO Human Health Risk Assessment Toolkit: Chemical Hazards is to provide its users with guidance to identify, acquire and use the information needed to assess chemical hazards, exposures and the corresponding health risks in their given health risk assessment contexts at local and/or national levels. The Toolkit provides road maps for conducting a human health risk assessment, identifies information that must be gathered to complete an assessment and provides electronic links to international resources from which the user can obtain information and methods essential for conducting the human health risk assessment. By doing so, the Toolkit also raises awareness and promotes the use of globally accepted risk assessment information that has been developed by international organizations such as WHO, the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, the United Nations Environment Programme, the Codex Alimentarius Commission and OECD for use in countries. The Toolkit has been developed for public health and environmental professionals, regulators, industrial managers and other decision-makers with at least some training in the principles of risk assessment who are responsible for conducting human health risk assessments and making decisions on whether to take action to manage human health risks associated with exposure to chemicals.
Categories: Medical

Impact of Water Pollution on Human Health and Environmental Sustainability

Impact of Water Pollution on Human Health and Environmental Sustainability

Impact of Water Pollution on Human Health and Environmental Sustainability highlights several important water-related issues and explores a number of potential solutions to the problem of water sustainability.

Author: McKeown, A. Elaine

Publisher: IGI Global

ISBN: 9781466695603

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 423

View: 606

Water is at the core of all life on Earth and exists as one of the main components of the human body. Because water is essential to life, addressing water pollution and sustainability issues is of great concern to environmentalists and public health specialists alike. Impact of Water Pollution on Human Health and Environmental Sustainability highlights several important water-related issues and explores a number of potential solutions to the problem of water sustainability. Focusing on research-based perspectives on water availability, industrial and agricultural pollution, water contamination, and their impacts on the human population as well as the environment, this crucial publication is a necessary addition to academic and government libraries serving graduate-level students, environmental scientists, public health workers, policy makers, and legislators seeking the latest information on sustainable and contaminant-free water resources.
Categories: Technology & Engineering

Chemicals Environment Health

Chemicals  Environment  Health

System.of.Classification.and.Labelling. of.Chemicals.(GHS)..OECD.had.the.lead.
in.developing.classification.criteria.for.all. human.health.and.environmental.
hazards,.UN.CETDG.had.the.lead.developing.the. criteria.for.physical.hazards,.
and.

Author: Philip Wexler

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9781420084696

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 845

View: 344

The past 40 years have seen a phenomenal growth in globally oriented public and private initiatives related to chemical and environmental issues. The groundbreaking 1972 United Nations Conference on the Human Environment held in Stockholm was the event responsible for initiating framework for global environmental policies, including those addressing chemical safety. It gave rise to the first World Environment Day and the creation of the United Nations Environment Programme, leading the way to the acknowledgement that sustainable development is the most logical and viable pathway to preserve and enhance our environment for future generations. Chemicals, Environment, Health: A Global Management Perspective presents an overview of the noteworthy conferences, organizations, and international treaties that focus on chemicals management and policy. It takes into account special challenges faced by developing countries regarding chemicals safety. From the Stockholm Conference to follow-ups in Rio and Johannesburg, it provides concise coverage of a vast swath of information. It highlights pivotal agreements such as the Basel, Rotterdam, and Stockholm Conventions, the more expansive Strategic Approach to International Chemicals Management, as well as key regional agreements such as the European Union’s REACH legislation. The book includes invited essays in areas such as emergencies and financing instruments, and offers a clear look at future challenges and opportunities. Written by a team of authors from all continents, with backgrounds in international organizations, national governments, academia, industry, and NGOs, the book reflects a wide experience from a multitude of perspectives. A valuable guidebook to global chemicals management cooperation, this book reviews and analyzes multi-lateral efforts established to address the potential risks of chemicals on the world stage.
Categories: Technology & Engineering

Human Health and the Environment

Human Health and the Environment

Chapter 13 FOOD SAFETY: CHEMICAL AGENTS Although the great majority of
reported acute food-bome illness is caused by infectious agents, chemicals in the
food supply have been the subject of extensive controversy and debate.

Author: Donald Vesley

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9781475754346

Category: Medical

Page: 196

View: 795

The twentieth century has seen a remarkable evolution of environmental health and environmental protection concerns and concepts in the United States. As a teacher of Environmental Health since the late 1950s, I have witnessed the many twists and turns that have marked the latter half of the century, and have had to seek continuously to explain these phenomena to my students in some rational manner. We have witnessed the following and more: great progress in controlling acute infectious diseases through successes in drinking water treatment and food processing; the emergence of greater concern with trace chemicals in air and water and their role in chronic disease causation; conflicting attitudes toward miraculous chemicals such as DDT (which promised relief from arthropod-borne scourges, then came to be seen as another chemical threat to our children and our environment); then the reemerging concern with infectious diseases precipitated by blood-borne pathogens such as HIV. All this occurred against a backdrop of scientific uncertainty and amid failures of risk assessment and risk communication, together with press sensationalism-from "mad cow disease" to "flesh eating" streptococci. No wonder the public is confused.
Categories: Medical

Toxicological Risk Assessment of Chemicals

Toxicological Risk Assessment of Chemicals

On the other hand, chemicals may also present risks to human health and the
environment. For example, toxic compounds may pollute air, water, soil, and food
, and accumulate in the human body following exposure to such a compound as
 ...

Author: Elsa Nielsen

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1420006940

Category: Medical

Page: 448

View: 248

Unlike many existing books on toxicology that cover either toxicity of a particular substance or toxicity of chemicals on particular organ systems, Toxicological Risk Assessment of Chemicals: A Practical Guide lays out the principle activities of conducting a toxicological risk assessment, including international approaches and methods for the risk assessment of chemical substances. It illustrates each step in the process: hazard identification, a dose response assessment, and exposure assessment. The book also summarizes the basic concepts of interaction of chemicals in mixtures and discusses various approaches to testing such mixtures. Features: Addresses standards from all international regulatory agencies Presents the steps in risk assessment, including hazard identification, exposure assessment, and risk characterization Covers the assessment of multiple chemical exposures or chemical mixtures Contains data from both human and animal studies Explains the linearized multi-stage mathematical model widely used by the US EPA for characterizing
Categories: Medical

Kirk Othmer Chemical Technology and the Environment 2 Volume Set

Kirk Othmer Chemical Technology and the Environment  2 Volume Set

It states: that a substantial use of chemicals is essential to meet the social and
economic goals of the world community ... for the protection of human health and
the environment, inter alia, aiming to achieve by 2020 that chemicals are used
and ...

Author: Wiley

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9780470105405

Category: Science

Page: 2573

View: 319

The two-volume reference work Chemical Technology and the Environment provides readers with knowledge on contemporary issues in environmental pollution, prevention and control, as well as regulatory, health and safety issues as related to chemical technology. It introduces and expands the knowledge on emerging "green" materials and processes and "greener" energy technology, as well as more general concepts and methodology including sustainable development and chemistry and green chemistry. Based on Wiley's renowned, Kirk-Othmer Encyclopedia of Chemical Technology, this compact reference features the same breadth and quality of coverage and clarity of presentation found in the original.
Categories: Science