Russian Corporate Capitalism From Peter the Great to Perestroika

Russian Corporate Capitalism From Peter the Great to Perestroika

Capitalism and Xenophobia in Russia "You are a very learned man of the
greatest intellect and the pride of your country, but the ... takes its rightful place as
an aspect of the perennial debate over the relationship between Russia and the
West.

Author: Thomas C. Owen

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0195357140

Category: History

Page: 272

View: 368

From the three perspectives of geography, economic policy, and ideology, this work examines corporate capitalism under the tsarist and late Soviet regimes. Thomas C. Owen discovers a remarkable history of thwarted effort and lost opportunity. He explores the impact of bureaucratic restrictions and reveals the entrepreneurial capabilities of Russia's corporate founders from various social groups as well as the prominence of Poles, Germans, Jews, Armenians, and foreign citizens in the corporate elite of the Russian Empire and its ten largest cities. The study stresses continuities between tsarist and late Soviet periods, especially in the persistence of anti-capitalist attitudes, both radical and reactionary. A provocative final chapter considers the implications of the weak corporate heritage for the future of Russian capitalism.
Categories: History

Russia and the Idea of the West

Russia and the Idea of the West

The postwar order they had anticipated was not one of long-term cooperation
with erstwhile capitalist allies. Instead, Khrushchev noted a widespread belief
that Western Europe would, on its own, turn socialist; first, “Germany would stage
a ...

Author: Robert English

Publisher: Columbia University Press

ISBN: 9780231504744

Category: Political Science

Page: 256

View: 505

An intriguing "intellectual portrait" of a generation of Soviet reformers, this book is also a fascinating case study of how ideas can change the course of history. In most analyses of the Cold War's end the ideological aspects of Gorbachev's "new thinking" are treated largely as incidental to the broader considerations of power—as gloss on what was essentially a retreat forced by crisis and decline. Robert English makes a major contribution by demonstrating that Gorbachev's foreign policy was in fact the result of an intellectual revolution. English analyzes the rise of a liberal policy-academic elite and its impact on the Cold War's end. English worked in the archives of the USSR Foreign Ministry and also gained access to the restricted collections of leading foreign-policy institutes. He also conducted nearly 400 interviews with Soviet intellectuals and policy makers—from Khrushchev- and Brezhnev-era Politburo members to Perestroika-era notables such as Eduard Shevardnadze and Gorbachev himself. English traces the rise of a "Westernizing" worldview from the post-Stalin years, through a group of liberals in the late1960s–70s, to a circle of close advisers who spurred Gorbachev's most radical reforms.
Categories: Political Science

Russia and the West from Alexander to Putin

Russia and the West from Alexander to Putin

Joseph Stalin1 The Policy of Peaceful Coexistence The policy of peaceful
coexistence with Western capitalism was born out of the recognition that the
Bolsheviks' theory of world revolution could no longer be sustained under harsh ...

Author: Andrei P. Tsygankov

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9781107025523

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 317

View: 990

Covering two centuries of Russian history, this book shows how a sense of honor has affected Russia's foreign policy decision-making.
Categories: Business & Economics

At the Crossroads of Post Communist Modernisation

At the Crossroads of Post Communist Modernisation

Russia and China were forced to adopt modernisation strategies in order to
adapt to – or even survive the pressure of – the ever-enlarging, Western-
dominated global capitalism. Even the communist periods of these countries can
be seen as ...

Author: C. Pursiainen

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9781137284136

Category: Political Science

Page: 236

View: 926

This volume takes a comparative approach to understand general tendencies in post-Communist transition in Russia and China. Bringing together perspectives from Political Science, Sociology and IR, it analyses three arenas of social change: socio-economic systems, political systems, and foreign policies.
Categories: Political Science

Russian Architecture and the West

Russian Architecture and the West

Architectural links between Russia and the West continued through the entire
Communist period, but they took on a new meaning. When developments
originating in the so-called capitalist world reached Russia, they were perceived
in a ...

Author: Dmitriĭ Olegovich Shvidkovskiĭ

Publisher: Yale University Press

ISBN: 9780300109122

Category: Architecture

Page: 434

View: 639

This is the first book to show the development of Russian architecture over the past thousand years as a part of the history of Western architecture. Dmitry Shvidkovsky, Russia’s leading architectural historian, departs from the accepted notion that Russian architecture developed independent of outside cultural influences and demonstrates that, to the contrary, the influence of the West extends back to the tenth century and continues into the present. He offers compelling assessments of all the main masterpieces of Russian architecture and frames a radically new architectural history for Russia. The book systematically analyzes Russian buildings in relation to developments in European art, pointing out where familiar European features are expressed in Russian projects. Special attention is directed toward decorations based on Byzantine models; the heritage of Italian master builders and carvers; the impact of architects and others sent by Elizabeth I; the formation of the Russian Imperial Baroque; the Enlightenment in Russian art; and 19th- and 20th-century European influences. With over 300 specially commissioned photographs of sites throughout Russia and western Europe, this magnificent book is both beautiful and groundbreaking.
Categories: Architecture

The Testimonies of Russian and American Postmodern Poetry

The Testimonies of Russian and American Postmodern Poetry

On the grounds of this distinction, Perelman concludes: “Oxota seems poised
between the West's late capitalism and the peculiar status of Russia in 1990,
where there is no settled social system: hence rhetoric and genre are not fixed
either” ...

Author: Albena Lutzkanova-Vassileva

Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing USA

ISBN: 9781628921885

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 224

View: 566

This book challenges the belief in the purely linguistic nature of contemporary poetry and offers an interpretation of late twentieth-century Russian poetry as a testimony to the unforeseen annulment of communist reality and its overnight displacement by a completely unfathomable post-totalitarian order. Albena Lutzkanova-Vassileva argues that, because of the sudden invalidation of a reality that had been largely seen as unattained and everlasting, this shift remained secluded from the mind and totally resistant to cognition, thus causing a collectively traumatic psychological experience. The book proceeds by inquiring into a school of contemporary American poetry that has been likewise read as cut off from reality. Executing a comparative analysis, Vassileva advances a new understanding of this poetry as a testimony to the overwhelming and traumatic impact of contemporary media, which have assailed the mind with far more signals than it can register, digest and furnish with semantic weight.
Categories: Literary Criticism

A History of the World from the 20th to the 21st Century

A History of the World from the 20th to the 21st Century

Chapter 13 WAR TO PEACE The democracies of the West were tested in the
period after the war. If they failed to retain the ... On the contrary, they expected
the capitalist West to turn on communist Russia and crush it. In foreign relations
the ...

Author: John Ashley Soames Grenville

Publisher: Psychology Press

ISBN: 0415289556

Category: History

Page: 995

View: 105

This second edition has been thoroughly updated and includes discussions on 9/11 and the second Gulf War, and takes into account the latest historical research. A comprehensive survey of the key events and personalities of this period throughout the world, it includes discussion on topics such as: the rivalry between European nations from 1900–1914 the Depression and the rise of Fascism during the 1920s and 1930s the global impact of the Cold War decolonization and its effects the continuing conflict in the Middle East. A History of the World provides a fascinating and authoritative account of the world since 1900, for general readers and students of world history alike.
Categories: History

The Failure of Laissez Faire Capitalism and Economic Dissolution of the West

The Failure of Laissez Faire Capitalism and Economic Dissolution of the West

They are powerful evidence that the United States is now a police state
comparable to the early stages of Stalinist Russia and Nazi Germany. This
statement will seem extreme to Russians and Germans who remember the Stalin
and Nazi eras ...

Author: Paul Craig Roberts

Publisher: Atwell Publishing

ISBN: 9780988406513

Category:

Page:

View: 181

This very readable book by a distinguished economist, Wall Street Journal editor, and Assistant Secretary of the US Treasury is a major challenge both to economic theory and to media explanations of the ongoing 21st century economic crisis. The one percent have pulled off an economic and political revolution. By offshoring manufacturing and professional service jobs, US corporations destroyed the growth of consumer income, the basis of the US economy, leaving the bulk of the population mired in debt. Deregulation was used to concentrate income and wealth in fewer hands and financial firms in corporations “too big to fail,” removing financial corporations from market discipline and forcing taxpayers in the US and Europe to cover bankster losses. Environmental destruction has accelerated as economists refuse to count the exhaustion of nature’s resources as a cost and as corporations impose the cost of their activities on the environment and on third parties who do not share in the profits. This is the book to read for those who want to understand the mistakes that are bringing the West to its knees.
Categories:

The Longman Companion to America Russia and the Cold War 1941 1998

The Longman Companion to America  Russia and the Cold War  1941 1998

By 1920 however the Bolsheviks were isolated in the world and threatened by
invasion from the West, so that Lenin talked of 'cohabitation' with capitalism to win
a breathing space for the regime. By the 1930s Joseph Stalin had developed the
 ...

Author: John W. Young

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781317878865

Category: History

Page: 326

View: 159

This reference guide throws light on almost every aspect of postwar international history from the rise of Mao's China to the Bosnian Civil War. It provides a huge wealth of information on East-West relations setting events, crises and conflicts in their full international context.
Categories: History

Identities Nations and Politics after Communism

Identities  Nations and Politics after Communism

... the similarities and differences between Russia and the West, and the harmful
impact on Russia of Western-style capitalism. Is the West still regarded as
Russia's “Other,” or at a time when Western and Russian tastes in historical
fiction are ...

Author: Roger E. Kanet

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781317968665

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 182

View: 244

This book focuses on questions of identity that have confronted the countries of Central and Eastern Europe after the collapse of the communist system that had previously provided them with an identity. This development both facilitated and necessitated a reassessment of the now independent nations’ history, orientation, symbols and identity. In some cases, new states were created without a clear national identity, while in others the nation was regaining statehood, but not always within borders that had an historical association with the nation concerned. The multiethnic character of the space of the former Soviet Union and its erstwhile "satellites," and the long historical legacy of complex relations, boundary changes, population migration, and economic and social changes presented different challenges to the various nations and states concerned. The essays in this volume attempt to elucidate and understand the issues of ethnic and national identity and their relationship to the emerging statehood in various regions of the post-communist world. This study makes clear that some nation-states were far better prepared to handle these issues than others, and that the longer-term impact of the communist experience has varied. This book was previously published as a special issue of Nationalities Papers
Categories: Business & Economics