Author: P. Nicolopoulou-StamatiPublish On: 2004-03-31
In the first part of this book, specialists from a range of disciplines analyze the hypothesis that cancer is caused by environmental factors.
Author: P. Nicolopoulou-Stamati
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
In the first part of this book, specialists from a range of disciplines analyze the hypothesis that cancer is caused by environmental factors. The second section examines the policy implications of accepting that the cancer epidemic may essentially be preventable. Such a conclusion would force responsible decision-makers to justify policies that could cause short-term economic disruption in pursuit of health benefits which might not emerge for decades.
An examination of the controversies surrounding environmental cancer.
Author: S. Robert Lichter
Publisher: Yale University Press
An examination of the controversies surrounding environmental cancer. The authors draw on surveys by cancer researchers and environmental activists to reveal differences between the two groups' viewpoints. They examine these opposing views and document how they are reflected in the media.
Though overall cancer incidence and mortality have continued to decline in recent years, cancer continues to devastate the lives of far too many Americans.
Author: Suzanne H. Reuben
Publisher: DIANE Publishing
Though overall cancer incidence and mortality have continued to decline in recent years, cancer continues to devastate the lives of far too many Americans. In 2009 alone, 1.5 million American men, women, and children were diagnosed with cancer, and 562,000 died from the disease. There is a growing body of evidence linking environmental exposures to cancer. The Pres. Cancer Panel dedicated its 2008¿2009 activities to examining the impact of environmental factors on cancer risk. The Panel considered industrial, occupational, and agricultural exposures as well as exposures related to medical practice, military activities, modern lifestyles, and natural sources. This report presents the Panel¿s recommend. to mitigate or eliminate these barriers. Illus.
The breast cancer movement has emphasized the importance of reducing or eliminating exposure to chemicals and toxins. The movement's disease prevention philosophy is chronicled from the beginning.
Author: Barbara L. Ley
Publisher: Rutgers University Press
Category: Health & Fitness
From the early 1980s, the U.S. environmental breast cancer movement has championed the goal of eradicating the disease by emphasizing the importance of reducing--even eliminating exposure to chemicals and toxins. From Pink to Green chronicles the movement's disease prevention philosophy from the beginning. Challenging the broader cultural milieu of pink ribbon symbolism and breast cancer "awareness" campaigns, this movement has grown from a handful of community-based organizations into a national entity, shaping the cultural, political, and public health landscape. Much of the activists' everyday work revolves around describing how the so called "cancer industry" downplays possible environmental links to protect their political and economic interests and they demand that the public play a role in scientific, policy, and public health decision-making to build a new framework of breast cancer prevention. From Pink to Green successfully explores the intersection between breast cancer activism and the environmental health sciences, incorporating public and scientific debates as well as policy implications to public health and environmental agendas.
Author: Task Force on Environmental Cancer and Heart and Lung Disease (U.S.)Publish On: 1978
Task Force on Environmental Cancer and Heart and Lung Disease (U.S.).
between inhaled toxicants and the acellular lining of lung terminal airways ,
hormonal activity of neoplastic pulmonary tissue and mechanisms of respiratory
tract cancer ...
Author: Task Force on Environmental Cancer and Heart and Lung Disease (U.S.)
Author: Sir Michael J. RutterPublish On: 2008-09-15
Gene–environment interactions in breast cancer Kee-Seng Chia Centre for
Molecular Epidemiology, National University of Singapore, Singapore Abstract.
Breast cancer is one of the most frequently diagnosed cancers in women. It
Author: Sir Michael J. Rutter
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
Much research has attempted to show direct linear relations between genes and disorder. However, scientists have been discouraged by inconsistent findings based on this simple gene-phenotype approach. The alternative approach is to incorporate information about the environment. A gene-environment interaction approach assumes that environmental pathogens cause disorder, whereas genes influence susceptibility to environmental pathogens. This book brings together contributions from experts from multiple disciplines who discuss: How epidemiological cohort studies can better integrate physiological (mechanistic) measures; How best to characterise subjects’ vulnerability versus resilience by moving beyond single genetic polymorphisms; How gene hunters can benefit from recruiting samples selected for known exposures; How environmental pathogens can be used as tools for gene hunting; How to deal with potential spurious (statistical) interactions, and How genes can help explain fundamental demographic properties of disorders (e.g. sex distribution, age effects).
In this volume the state-of-the-art findings, ranging from molecular biology to epidemiology, are discussed thoroughly.
Author: Ethel Tur
Publisher: Karger Medical and Scientific Publishers
Due to the increasing exposure of the skin to damaging environmental influences such as ultraviolet radiation, climatic determinants, chemicals or infections, research in this field is rapidly progressing. The interaction between the skin and the environment presents a fascinating and challenging research subject. For instance, skin aging and skin carcinogenesis are caused by both genetic and environmental factors. And also in diseases like psoriasis, atopic dermatitis and collagen diseases, genetic, immunologic and environmental factors interact. In recent years, new technologies to investigate skin response have allowed researchers to explore the interplay of environmental and genomic elements in skin cell biology, decipher the biochemical steps undertaken in the process, and study the genetics underlying variations in skin response to the environment. In this volume the state-of-the-art findings, ranging from molecular biology to epidemiology, are discussed thoroughly. The publication thus provides new insights for dermatologists, allergologists and immunologists who seek a better understanding of disease processes and new therapeutic strategies.
"A breath-taking first book. Nash does a terrific job."—Vicki Ruiz, author of From Out of the Shadows: Mexican Women in Twentieth-Century America "An excellent book that treats environmental history in a fresh new way."—Elliott West, author of The Contested Plains: Indians, Goldseekers and the Rush to Colorado "This book brilliantly fits human bodies into environmental history and finds a place for landscape in the history of medicine."—Warwick Anderson, author of Colonial Pathologies: American Tropical Medicine, Race, and Hygiene in the Philippines
Author: Task Force on Environmental Cancer and Heart and Lung Disease (U.S.)Publish On: 1982
Annual Report to Congress Task Force on Environmental Cancer and Heart and
Lung Disease (U.S.). As background to its refocusing on the scientific problems
involved in addressing its mandate , the Task Force prepared brief summaries of
Author: Task Force on Environmental Cancer and Heart and Lung Disease (U.S.)
In most situations, however, especially when environmental exposures are
associated with long-latency illness (cancer, nephropathy, etc.), the outcomes of
epidemiological studies are rarely so dramatic and satisfying. Instead, the public
Author: Y. Hasegawa
Publisher: DIANE Publishing
Describes practical methodology that is applicable in countries with limited resources. The advantages and disadvantages of different epidemiological approaches are described, and there are references to more detailed sources of information. The language is clear and not technical in order to make the manual a useful resource document for public health officers in the field, who may not have received training in epidemiology. Covers: initial response to reports of a disease outbreak, descriptive stage, analytic stage, intervention stage, resources and support needed, and evaluation stage. Extensive references. Illustrations.
Genes and Environment Traditionally diseases are separated according to their
cause into two categories : hereditary and acquired disorders . In fact these two
groups only define the ends of a spectrum . Most disorders are caused by a ...
Author: Fred H. Menko
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
Colorectal cancer is a collective term for a heterogeneous group of diseases. In a large proportion of cases, the condition is attributable to genetic predisposition. Those directly involved in the treatment of patients with cancer of the large bowel are confronted to an increasing degree with the genetic aspects of the disease. In familial and hereditary forms of the disorder periodic screening of the close relatives of the patients can in principle prevent disease and death from colorectal cancer. Presymptomatic diagnosis by means of DNA technology is now possible in many cases of familial adenomatous polyposis. Genetic diagnosis will be increasingly important for the identification of high-risk groups. This book summarizes those aspects of the genetics of colorectal cancer that are important for clinical pracice. It has been stated that clinicians can contribute to the goal of reducing mortality from cancer by asking each patient about his or her family history of cancer. The aim of this book is to provide a guideline for the management of those situations in which the family history of colorectal cancer is found to be positive.
The importance of cancer in U.S. policies about disease is illustrated by the
attention focused on cancer research. ... interest in cancer prevention was
spurred by associations being drawn between environmental exposures and cancer.
There is no doubt that cancer is an environmental disease and it is estimated that
while 5À10% of cancers (and other chronic diseases) can be accounted for by
genetic defects, around 90À95% are due to the environment with the important.
Author: Graham Dellaire
Publisher: Academic Press
Cancer Genomics addresses how recent technological advances in genomics are shaping how we diagnose and treat cancer. Built on the historical context of cancer genetics over the past 30 years, the book provides a snapshot of the current issues and state-of-the-art technologies used in cancer genomics. Subsequent chapters highlight how these approaches have informed our understanding of hereditary cancer syndromes and the diagnosis, treatment and outcome in a variety of adult and pediatric solid tumors and hematologic malignancies. The dramatic increase in cancer genomics research and ever-increasing availability of genomic testing are not without significant ethical issues, which are addressed in the context of the return of research results and the legal considerations underlying the commercialization of genomic discoveries. Finally, the book concludes with "Future Directions", examining the next great challenges to face the field of cancer genomics, namely the contribution of non-coding RNAs to disease pathogenesis and the interaction of the human genome with the environment. Tools such as sidebars, key concept summaries, a glossary, and acronym and abbreviation definitions make this book highly accessible to researchers from several fields associated with cancer genomics. Contributions from thought leaders provide valuable historical perspective to relate the advances in the field to current technologies and literature.
Sabrina McCormick weaves the story of one survivor with no family history into a powerful exploration of the big business of breast cancer.
Author: Sabrina McCormick
Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield Publishers
Category: Social Science
No Family History presents compelling evidence of environmental links to breast cancer, ranging from everyday cosmetics to industrial waste. Sabrina McCormick weaves the story of one survivor with no family history into a powerful exploration of the big business of breast cancer. As drugs, pink products, and corporate sponsorships generate enormous revenue to find a cure, a growing number of experts argue that we should instead increase focus on prevention—reducing environmental exposures that have contributed to the sharp increase of breast cancer rates. But the dollars continue to pour into the search for a cure, and the companies that profit, including some pharmaceutical and cosmetics companies, may in fact contribute to the environmental causes of breast cancer. No Family History shows how profits drive our public focus on the cure rather than prevention, and suggests new ways to reduce breast cancer rates in the future.
2.3.2 Diseasebased overview Several cancers have been associated with
exposures to occupational and environmental risk factors (International Agency
for Research on Cancer (IARC), 2004). The effects of carcinogens have been ...
Author: Irene A. Kreis
Publisher: OUP Oxford
Essentials of Environmental Epidemiology for Health Protection guides front line public health practitioners through the decisions they are likely to face when dealing with environmental health problems. It does this by showing how to integrate relevant aspects of environmental science, communication sciences, toxicology, and most importantly environmental epidemiology skills to conduct initial investigations which encompass all relevant issues. The book uses a problem orientated style, using case studies, to provide practical examples of how to plan and carry out investigations or research projects. It emphasises the scoping and planning stages of a study in order to avoid common pitfalls, and includes discussions of the limitations of epidemiological studies, how to communicate with the public and funders, ethics and handling large datasets. Through the case studies the book also covers the practice of environmental public health in developed countries. Each chapter is written by knowledgeable practitioners in the topic, making Essentials of Environmental Epidemiology for Health Protection essential reading for all professionals in environmental public health in the UK and abroad.
Group II: Cancers for which epidemiological data suggest a relationship to environment This group includes neoplasms of the gastrointestinal tract (stomach
, colon and rectum) and of the endocrine-dependent systems (prostate, breast,
Author: David Evered
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
The Novartis Foundation Series is a popular collection of the proceedings from Novartis Foundation Symposia, in which groups of leading scientists from a range of topics across biology, chemistry and medicine assembled to present papers and discuss results. The Novartis Foundation, originally known as the Ciba Foundation, is well known to scientists and clinicians around the world.
This comprehensive text provides readers with an excellent basis for examining current hypotheses regarding chronic disease epidemiology.
Author: Randall E. Harris
Publisher: Jones & Bartlett Publishers
Epidemiology of Chronic Disease: Global Perspectives is the most current and authoritative resource on the epidemiology, etiology, pathogenesis, risk factors and preventive factors of forty common chronic diseases. This comprehensive text provides readers with an excellent basis for examining current hypotheses regarding chronic disease epidemiology. Organized into eight sections, the text begins with an introductory chapter examines the new public health environment in which chronic diseases have replaced acute infectious conditions concurrent with improved health care and increasing longevity in many populations of the world. Subsequent sections cover cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases, major forms of cancer, diseases of the respiratory tract, metabolic and digestive diseases, musculoskeletal diseases, neurodegenerative diseases, and finally, three infectious diseases that often manifest as chronic conditions. Special sections in each chapter focus on controversial topics that can serve as a launching point for classroom discussion of molecular mechanisms of disease pathogenesis and the relevant epidemiologic issues pertaining to the prevention and control of chronic diseases.
... important to differentiate between the two—environmental factors are a “
hypothesized” source of risk. For example, the author of a paper entitled “
Epidemiology of breast cancer: an environmental disease?” explains that the
goal of the paper ...
Publisher: Am Cncl on Science, Health
Science does not support the popular image of traces of chemical contamination elevating the cancer risk of everyone who lives in a neighborhood regardless of where they work, what sort of lives they lead, and what hereditary influences may predispose them to cancer. The absence of conclusive scientific evidence in this area may be partially explained by the myriad challenges that bedevil cancer cluster investigations--challenges that are explored in this report.
There are minimal data that identify and quantify the links between environmental
hazards and illhealth, particularly ... However, noncommunicable diseases such
as cancer and heart disease are becoming the dominant causes of death and ...
Author: Naima Bradley
Publisher: OUP Oxford
Environmental public health is an interdisciplinary approach to the study of the direct and indirect impact of exposure to environmental hazards on the public's health and wellbeing. Assessing and addressing the risks of chemical, ionising and non-ionising radiation, and noise hazards requires a sound knowledge of toxicology, environmental epidemiology, environmental science, health risk assessment, and public health principles. Essentials of Environmental Science for Public Health provides practical guidance on the technical aspects of environmental and public health investigations. Written by leaders in the field, the authors provide practical, expert advice on a range of topics from key concepts and framework for investigation to contaminated land and waste management. Case studies are used to aid learning and understand of the topics discussed. Produced by Health Protection England, Essentials of Environmental Science for Public Health offers a comprehensive and structured approach to understanding environmental public health issues and will be essential reading for all students and professionals in environmental public health.
U.S. Environmental Protection Agency Washington, DC 607 250 -5 10 15 20 25
30 35 Table 49.1 ... Breast cancer incidence Breast cancer mortality Gynecologic cancers Reproductive system infection rates Genetic diseases and other chronic
Author: Marlene B. Goldman
Women and Health is a comprehensive reference which addresses health issues affecting women of all ages--adolescence through maturity. It goes far beyond other books on this topic which concentrate only on reproductive health, and has a truly international perspective. It covers key issues ranging from osteoporosis to breast cancer and other cancers, domestic violence, sexually transmitted diseases, occupational hazards, eating disorders, heart disease and other chronic illnesses, substance abuse, and societal and behavioral influences on health. Women and Health covers not only those conditions that are unique to or occur more frequently in women, but also those that present differently or are treated differently in women. Key Features: * Comprehensive, in-depth review of all aspects of women's health * Highlights key women's health issues including osteoporosis, domestic violence, breast cancer, menopause, infertility, heart disease, and many others * Addresses international women's health issues from a human rights and cultural perspective * Presents the latest research and clinical findings from leaders in their respective fields * Highlights controversies in treatment modalities * Challenges the medical community to address the impact of gender on health * Expands our thinking about the perceptions of disease and disorders in women * Challenges current status quo in health care delivery