Building Safe Systems in Aviation

Building Safe Systems in Aviation

It concludes by looking at some of the broader issues associated with the management of CRM. The book's readership includes those who design, deliver or manage CRM and safety-related training within airlines and other companies.

Author: Norman MacLeod

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781351954198

Category: Transportation

Page: 184

View: 628

Building Safe Systems in Aviation provides a single source for those who need to progress beyond current models of Crew Resource Management (CRM) to developing safe systems in critical industries. Although the primary focus is on airline pilots, the principles apply to all sectors of aviation, particularly maintenance and cabin crew, as well as other high-risk industries. It systematically sets out the context of CRM and safe systems, the conduct of training, the resources needed by the facilitator and the processes required for the measurement of outcomes. Part One reviews the development of the human factors/CRM domain and examines the concepts of risk and safety. Part Two, primarily for new instructors, gives a guide to training delivery and also considers non-classroom situations, the role of debriefing, facilitation and the design of human factors courses. Part Three examines the measurement of training effectiveness, the design and implementation of behavioural markers and standardizing assessors. It concludes by looking at some of the broader issues associated with the management of CRM. The book's readership includes those who design, deliver or manage CRM and safety-related training within airlines and other companies.
Categories: Transportation

Safety at the Sharp End

Safety at the Sharp End

Innovation and Consolidation in Aviation. Aldershot: Ashgate. KLM (1996)
Feedback and Appraisal System. Amsterdam: KLM Internal Paper. Macleod, N. (
2005) Building Safe Systems in Aviation. A CRM Developer's Handbook.
Aldershot: ...

Author: Rhona Flin

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9781317059943

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 330

View: 706

Many 21st century operations are characterised by teams of workers dealing with significant risks and complex technology, in competitive, commercially-driven environments. Informed managers in such sectors have realised the necessity of understanding the human dimension to their operations if they hope to improve production and safety performance. While organisational safety culture is a key determinant of workplace safety, it is also essential to focus on the non-technical skills of the system operators based at the 'sharp end' of the organisation. These skills are the cognitive and social skills required for efficient and safe operations, often termed Crew Resource Management (CRM) skills. In industries such as civil aviation, it has long been appreciated that the majority of accidents could have been prevented if better non-technical skills had been demonstrated by personnel operating and maintaining the system. As a result, the aviation industry has pioneered the development of CRM training. Many other organisations are now introducing non-technical skills training, most notably within the healthcare sector. Safety at the Sharp End is a general guide to the theory and practice of non-technical skills for safety. It covers the identification, training and evaluation of non-technical skills and has been written for use by individuals who are studying or training these skills on CRM and other safety or human factors courses. The material is also suitable for undergraduate and post-experience students studying human factors or industrial safety programmes.
Categories: Technology & Engineering

Therapeutic Risk Management of Medicines

Therapeutic Risk Management of Medicines

The aviation industry has focused on building safe systems since World War II. It
has succeeded in turning a formerly hazardous activity into an extremely safe
experience, something that healthcare has often not achieved. Risk management
is ...

Author: Stephen J. Mayall

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 9781908818270

Category: Medical

Page: 448

View: 198

Therapeutic risk management of medicines is an authoritative and practical guide on developing, implementing and evaluating risk management plans for medicines globally. It explains how to assess risks and benefit-risk balance, design and roll out risk minimisation and pharmacovigilance activities, and interact effectively with key stakeholders. A more systematic approach for managing the risks of medicines arose following a number of high-profile drug safety incidents and a need for better access to effective but potentially risky treatments. Regulatory requirements have evolved rapidly over the past decade. Risk management plans (RMPs) are mandatory for new medicinal products in the EU and a Risk Evaluation and Mitigation Strategy (REMS) is needed for certain drugs in the US. This book is an easy-to-read resource that complements current regulatory guidance, by exploring key areas and practical implications in greater detail. It is structured into chapters encompassing a background to therapeutic risk management, strategies for developing RMPs, implementation of RMPs, and the continuing evolution of the risk management field.The topic is of critical importance not only to the pharmaceutical and biotechnology industries, but also regulators and healthcare policymakers.Some chapters feature contributions from selected industry experts. An up-to-date practical guide on conceiving, designing, and implementing global therapeutic risk management plans for medicines A number of useful frameworks are presented which add impact to RMPs (Risk Management Plans), together with regional specific information (European Union, United States, and Japan) A comprehensive guide for performing risk management more effectively throughout a product’s life-cycle
Categories: Medical

To Err Is Human

To Err Is Human

The advantage of this lag is that we can learn about building safe systems from
the experiences of others. ... The next section describes how attention to safety
issues has been applied in two areas: aviation and occupational health. Both of ...

Author: Institute of Medicine

Publisher: National Academies Press

ISBN: 9780309068376

Category: Medical

Page: 312

View: 586

Experts estimate that as many as 98,000 people die in any given year from medical errors that occur in hospitals. That's more than die from motor vehicle accidents, breast cancer, or AIDS--three causes that receive far more public attention. Indeed, more people die annually from medication errors than from workplace injuries. Add the financial cost to the human tragedy, and medical error easily rises to the top ranks of urgent, widespread public problems. To Err Is Human breaks the silence that has surrounded medical errors and their consequence--but not by pointing fingers at caring health care professionals who make honest mistakes. After all, to err is human. Instead, this book sets forth a national agenda--with state and local implications--for reducing medical errors and improving patient safety through the design of a safer health system. This volume reveals the often startling statistics of medical error and the disparity between the incidence of error and public perception of it, given many patients' expectations that the medical profession always performs perfectly. A careful examination is made of how the surrounding forces of legislation, regulation, and market activity influence the quality of care provided by health care organizations and then looks at their handling of medical mistakes. Using a detailed case study, the book reviews the current understanding of why these mistakes happen. A key theme is that legitimate liability concerns discourage reporting of errors--which begs the question, "How can we learn from our mistakes?" Balancing regulatory versus market-based initiatives and public versus private efforts, the Institute of Medicine presents wide-ranging recommendations for improving patient safety, in the areas of leadership, improved data collection and analysis, and development of effective systems at the level of direct patient care. To Err Is Human asserts that the problem is not bad people in health care--it is that good people are working in bad systems that need to be made safer. Comprehensive and straightforward, this book offers a clear prescription for raising the level of patient safety in American health care. It also explains how patients themselves can influence the quality of care that they receive once they check into the hospital. This book will be vitally important to federal, state, and local health policy makers and regulators, health professional licensing officials, hospital administrators, medical educators and students, health caregivers, health journalists, patient advocates--as well as patients themselves. First in a series of publications from the Quality of Health Care in America, a project initiated by the Institute of Medicine
Categories: Medical

Aviation Fuels with Improved Fire Safety

Aviation Fuels with Improved Fire Safety

The NRC Workshop on Aviation Fuels with Improved Fire Safety was held on
November 19 and 20, 1996, ... Topics included fuel chemistry and rheology, new
fuel additives, airframe and fuel system design, post-crash fuel dispersal, and
modeling postcrash scenarios. ... Because the flash point temperature for home
heating oil must be at least 120°F to meet local building safety codes (Blake,
1982), the ...

Author: National Research Council

Publisher: National Academies Press

ISBN: 9780309058339

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 158

View: 619

The reduction of the fire hazard of fuel is critical to improving survivability in impact-survivable aircraft accidents. Despite current fire prevention and mitigation approaches, fuel flammability can overwhelm post-crash fire scenarios. The Workshop on Aviation Fuels with Improved Fire Safety was held November 19-20, 1996 to review the current state of development, technological needs, and promising technology for the future development of aviation fuels that are most resistant to ignition during a crash. This book contains a summary of workshop discussions and 11 presented papers in the areas of fuel and additive technologies, aircraft fuel system requirements, and the characterization of fuel fires.
Categories: Technology & Engineering

To Err Is Human

To Err Is Human

The advantage of this lag is that we can learn about building safe systems from
the experiences of others. ... HOW OTHER INDUSTRIES HAVE BECOME SAFER
The risk of dying in a domestic jet flight between 1967 and 1976 was 1 in 2 ...

Author: Linda T. Kohn

Publisher: National Academy Press

ISBN: UCAL:B4952914

Category: Health & Fitness

Page: 287

View: 436

Committee on Quality of Health Care in America. Reveals the truth of medical error and the disparity between the incidence of error and public perception. Examines how surrounding forces of legislation, regulation, and market activity influence the quality of care provided and handling medical mistakes. For policymakers, regulators, and clinicians.
Categories: Health & Fitness

Liability and Quality Issues in Health Care

Liability and Quality Issues in Health Care

Health care is a decade or more behind other high - risk industries in its attention
to ensuring basic safety . Aviation has focused extensively on building safe
systems and has been doing so since World War II . Between 1990 and 1994 ,
the U ...

Author: Barry R. Furrow

Publisher: West Academic

ISBN: STANFORD:36105063214071

Category: Law

Page: 614

View: 610

Categories: Law

Health Law

Health Law

Health care is a decade or more behind other high - risk industries in its attention
to ensuring basic safety . Aviation has focused extensively on building safe
systems and has been doing so since World War II . Between 1990 and 1994 ,
the U ...

Author: Barry R. Furrow

Publisher: West Group Publishing

ISBN: STANFORD:36105060711681

Category: Law

Page: 1511

View: 540

Categories: Law

Successful Management for Safety

Successful Management for Safety

systems which would make a worthwhile improvement in safety would be
prevented or unduly delayed . aircraft . ... have been developed from many years
of experience of incidents and accidents is a major factor in building safe systems
.

Author: PEP (Professional Engineering Publishers)

Publisher: Wiley-Blackwell

ISBN: PSU:000021926952

Category: Science

Page: 116

View: 766

Based on papers presented at a meeting organized by the Engineering Manufacturing Industries Division of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers in association with the Hazards Forum, this book looks at various strategies for the management of safety. Some of the topics looked at include the impetus from legislation, the community's contribution as regards safety and health in the context of completion of the internal market - the social point of view, assessment of a company for safety and minimization of losses, quality risk and safety, the role of human factors and safety culture in safety management, managing professionally and company strategy for the management of safety.
Categories: Science

Building the Local Economy

Building the Local Economy

Williams ' s runway lighting and the airfield identification system also would be
upgraded in the long run ( Coffman ... assists builders of experimental aircraft ) ,
and Am - Safe ( which conducts tests on new technology for aircraft safety
systems ) ...

Author: Douglas J. Watson

Publisher: University of Georgia, Carl Vinson Institute of Government

ISBN: UOM:39015082656292

Category: Community development

Page: 254

View: 858

Categories: Community development

Building a Better Delivery System

Building a Better Delivery System

J. Bryan Sexton and Eric J. Thomas University of Texas Center of Excellence for
Patient Safety Research and Practice and ... As climate researchers in quality of
care, our task is to identify (with methodological rigor) the systems and cultural
influences that affect the safe delivery of care. ... in commercial aviation, the Flight
Management Attitudes Questionnaire (FMAQ) (Helmreich et al., 1993; Merritt,
1996).

Author: Institute of Medicine

Publisher: National Academies Press

ISBN: 9780309096430

Category: Medical

Page: 276

View: 245

In a joint effort between the National Academy of Engineering and the Institute of Medicine, this books attempts to bridge the knowledge/awareness divide separating health care professionals from their potential partners in systems engineering and related disciplines. The goal of this partnership is to transform the U.S. health care sector from an underperforming conglomerate of independent entities (individual practitioners, small group practices, clinics, hospitals, pharmacies, community health centers et. al.) into a high performance "system" in which every participating unit recognizes its dependence and influence on every other unit. By providing both a framework and action plan for a systems approach to health care delivery based on a partnership between engineers and health care professionals, Building a Better Delivery System describes opportunities and challenges to harness the power of systems-engineering tools, information technologies and complementary knowledge in social sciences, cognitive sciences and business/management to advance the U.S. health care system.
Categories: Medical

Transportation Deregulation and Safety

Transportation Deregulation and Safety

An Investigation Into the Linkages Between Economic Deregulation and Safety
Performance in the U.S. Aviation and ... deregulation would create - pseudo -
airline which would have little dedication to building a stable airline system , and
no ...

Author:

Publisher:

ISBN: NWU:35556022377840

Category: Aeronautics, Commercial

Page: 932

View: 357

Categories: Aeronautics, Commercial

Encyclopaedia of Occupational Health and Safety

Encyclopaedia of Occupational Health and Safety

Aircraft , especially helicopters , have been involved in the most serious multiple
fatality accidents in motion picture ... being thrown through the air by a trampoline
or ratchet catapult system , or a high fall off a cliff or building ( figure 96.17 ) .

Author: Jeanne Mager Stellman

Publisher: International Labour Organization

ISBN: 9221098168

Category: Electronic books

Page: 1253

View: 375

Categories: Electronic books

Aircraft Aerospace

Aircraft   Aerospace

SAFETY Cross - wiring found in Australian 737s Too popular for comfort FOUR
Australian domestic airline B737s were found to have wires crossed in their
safety systems during checks stemming from the US Federal Aviation Authority .
The FAA ... Mr Craig added that Boeing workers appeared to be " oblivious that
they are building aircraft . . . any mistake ( is ) a direct compromise of safety . ”
JAL ' s ...

Author:

Publisher:

ISBN: STANFORD:36105015326445

Category: Aeronautics

Page:

View: 293

Categories: Aeronautics

Financial Management for Nurse Managers and Executives E Book

Financial Management for Nurse Managers and Executives   E Book

The most notable are the Institute of Medicine (IOM) reports, To Err Is Human:
Building a Safer Healthcare System1 and Crossing the Quality ... This report
noted that even though the health care system is less safe than other industries
and the risk of dying in the health care system is much greater than dying in an
airline crash, the public has made few demands to improve the health care
system. Why?

Author: Cheryl Jones

Publisher: Elsevier Health Sciences

ISBN: 9781455733422

Category: Medical

Page: 432

View: 154

Covering the financial topics all nurse managers need to know and use, this book explains how financial management fits into the healthcare organization. Topics include accounting principles, cost analysis, planning and control management of the organization's financial resources, and the use of management tools. In addition to current issues, this edition also addresses future directions in financial management. Nursing-focused content thoroughly describes health care finance and accounting from the nurse manager’s point of view. Numerous worksheets and tables including healthcare spreadsheets, budgets, and calculations illustrate numerous financial and accounting methods. Chapter opener features include learning objectives and an overview of chapter content to help you organize and summarize your notes. Key concepts definitions found at the end of each chapter help summarize your understanding of chapter content. Suggested Readings found at the end of each chapter give additional reading and research opportunities. NEW! Major revision of chapter 2 (The Health Care Environment), with additions on healthcare reform, initiatives to stop paying for hospital or provider errors, hospice payment, and funding for nursing education; plus updates of health care expenditure and pay for performance; provide a strong start to this new edition. NEW! Major revision of chapter 5 (Quality, Costs, and Financing), with updates to quality-financing, Magnet organizations, and access to care, provides the most up-to-date information possible. NEW! Reorganization and expansion of content in chapter 15 (Performance Budgeting) with updated examples better illustrates how performance budgeting could be used in a pay-for-performance environment. NEW! Major revision of the variance analysis discussion in chapter 16 (Controlling Operating Results) offers a different approach for computation of variances that is easier to understand. NEW! Addition of comparative effectiveness research to chapter 18 (Benchmarking, Productivity, and Cost Benefit and Cost Effectiveness Analysis) covers a recently developed approach informs health-care decisions by providing evidence on the effectiveness of different treatment options. NEW! Addition of nursing intensity weights, another approach for costing nursing services, to chapter 9 (Determining Health Care Costs and Prices), lets you make decisions about what method works best for you.
Categories: Medical

Advanced Leisure and Recreation

Advanced Leisure and Recreation

Aviation authority ( fireworks , ballooning ) English Rivers Authority ( waste
discharge ) Football Licensing Authority ( stadium safety ) Adventure Activities
Licensing Authority Coastguard ... Any changes or issues should be passed on to
the incoming shift as hazards don't leave the building when you do . ... Automatic
inspection Most heavy plant has built - in fail - safe systems and monitoring
devices to ...

Author: Ian Roberts

Publisher: Heinemann

ISBN: 043545594X

Category: Leisure industry

Page: 416

View: 785

These Student Books, Tutor's Resource File and photocopiable option unit packs provide thorough and up-to-date material for the AVCE Leisure and Recreation and Travel and Tourism awards.
Categories: Leisure industry

Aviation Week Space Technology

Aviation Week   Space Technology

We tory of preferred , all - weather weapons as shortages , the Kosovo conflict
has proven ought to build a number that ... The fail - safe system for some reason
convinced ( the JASSM ) that the wings shouldn ' t be deployed , ” Martin said .

Author:

Publisher:

ISBN: UCSD:31822022713077

Category: Aeronautics

Page:

View: 910

Categories: Aeronautics

Verti flite

Verti flite

Safe Flight ' s most recent efforts resulted in the creation of the Collective and
Pedal Warning System . ... Their e - business solutions are creating
unprecedented collaboration and efficiency throughout complex value chains .
SAIC ' s wireless ...

Author:

Publisher:

ISBN: CORNELL:31924090501416

Category: Helicopter

Page:

View: 162

Categories: Helicopter

Direct Digital Control Systems

Direct Digital Control Systems

Finally, through building commissioning, the Commissioning Agent has the
unique opportunity to analyze the human ... of information between crew
members, including the automated flight computer, remains fundamental to
aviation safety.

Author: Mary S. Nardone

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 0412148218

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 252

View: 454

Direct Digital Control Systems: Application · Commissioning offers an insightful examination of the critical role of the DDC system in the commissioning process. Included is solid coverage of microprocessor-based control systems combined with the protocols and procedures needed to effectively integrate DDC system validation into systems commissioning. This field handbook is an everyday reference on Direct Digital Control for commissioning personnel. Whether designer, contractor, air balancer, technician, vendor, commissioning agent, owner, operator or student, increasing one's knowledge of DDC control systems will directly improve project performance.
Categories: Technology & Engineering