Biogeography and Adaptation

Biogeography and Adaptation

In this thoughtful and wide-ranging discussion of evolutionary process and adaptive response, Geerat Vermeij elucidates the general principles that underlie the great diversity of marine forms found in the world's great oceans.

Author: Geerat J. Vermeij

Publisher: Harvard University Press

ISBN: 0674073762

Category: Science

Page: 332

View: 508

The driving forces of natural selection leave their traces in the shapes of living creatures and their patterns of distribution. In this thoughtful and wide-ranging discussion of evolutionary process and adaptive response, Geerat Vermeij elucidates the general principles that underlie the great diversity of marine forms found in the world's great oceans.
Categories: Science

Evolutionary Biology

Evolutionary Biology

Ronquist, F, 1997, Dispersal-vicariance analysis: a new approach to the
quantification of historical biogeography. Syst. Biol. 46:195–203. Ronquist, F ...
Vermeij, G., 1978, Biogeography and Adaptation. Harvard University Press,
Cambridge, ...

Author: Ross J. MacIntyre

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9781475751901

Category: Science

Page: 205

View: 585

After volume 33, this book series was replaced by the journal "Evolutionary Biology." Please visit www.springer.com/11692 for further information. This volume is the 33rd in this series, which includes 32 numbered volumes and an unnumbered supplement. Several special volumes have also been published as separate monographs. This volume, like the others in the series, has chapters devoted to a broad spectrum of topics. Indeed, the editors continue to solicit manuscripts on subjects covered by the encompassing rubric of Evolutionary Biology. "Volume 33 continues the grand tradition of Evolutionary Biology in being the most comprehensive series in the field. The chapters are always up-to-date, informative, and stimulating; sometimes infuriating. Just what good scientific literature should be! Particularly attractive is the free-wheeling spirit of the series: no style or length is imposed. If you want to remain cognizant of contemporary evolutionary advances in general and have time to read only one volume a year outside your own specialty, make it Evolutionary Biology." (Jeffrey R. Powell, Ph.D., Yale University)
Categories: Science

The Natural History of the Crustacea

The Natural History of the Crustacea

This is the eighth volume of a ten-volume series on The Natural History of the Crustacea.

Author: Martin Thiel

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: 9780190637842

Category: Science

Page: 552

View: 301

This is the eighth volume of a ten-volume series on The Natural History of the Crustacea. The volume examines Evolution and Biogeography, and the first part of this volume is entirely dedicated to the explanation of the origins and successful establishment of the Crustacea in the oceans. In the second part of the book, the biogeography of the Crustacea is explored in order to infer how they conquered different biomes globally while adapting to a wide range of aquatic and terrestrial conditions. The final section examines more general patterns and processes, and the chapters offer useful insight into the future of crustaceans.
Categories: Science

High Altitude Tropical Biogeography

High Altitude Tropical Biogeography

With contributions from twenty-four international specialists who have devoted years to the study of cold mountain tropics, this book describes some of the most characteristic plant and animal components of the ecosystem.

Author: François Vuilleumier

Publisher: Oxford University Press on Demand

ISBN: UCAL:B4456740

Category: Psychology

Page: 649

View: 550

High Altitude Tropical Biogeography provides research workers and academics with a comprehensive overview of the biogeography of high tropical mountains, covering the origin, ecology, and evolution of plants and animals of this unique ecological zone. The climate in the high altitude mountain regions of the tropics is cold, resulting in flora and fauna which more closely resemble their counterparts thousand of miles to the north or south than comparable species in the lowland jungles only a few thousand meters below. These ecological "islands", besides being very important to the economies of the tropics, pose interesting questions of physiological adaptation, biogeography, and evolutionary relationships. With contributions from twenty-four international specialists who have devoted years to the study of cold mountain tropics, this book describes some of the most characteristic plant and animal components of the ecosystem. No other book of this scope and content exists on these tropical biotas.
Categories: Psychology

Dynamic Biogeography

Dynamic Biogeography

In this book, the spatial patterns and processes studied in dynamic biogeography are presented from an ecological perspective. Dynamic Biogeography opens with a survey of the different approaches encountered within the subject.

Author: R. Hengeveld

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 0521437563

Category: Nature

Page: 249

View: 284

Biogeography is an increasingly important area for ecology, dynamic biogeography being the study of biological patterns and processes on a broad scale both geographically and temporally. In this book, the spatial patterns and processes studied in dynamic biogeography are presented from an ecological perspective. Dynamic Biogeography opens with a survey of the different approaches encountered within the subject. The remainder of the book is arranged into four parts. The first is concerned with patterns of concordance; both quantitative and qualitative classifications are discussed. Geographical trends in species' diversity and biological traits are viewed, with Part 3 leading into areography or the analysis of species ranges. The book is drawn together by an overview of all the scales of variation and a glimpse into the future of biogeography.
Categories: Nature

Speciation and Biogeography of Birds

Speciation and Biogeography of Birds

tion through local adaptation, followed by re-contact and further differentiation,
could in theory be repeated again and again, each time increasing species
numbers and diversity. The original colonists could thus undergo a process of '
adaptive ...

Author: Ian Newton

Publisher: Gulf Professional Publishing

ISBN: 012517375X

Category: Nature

Page: 668

View: 903

This book should be of value to anyone interested in bird evolution and taxonomy, biogeography, distributional history, dispersal and migration patterns. It provides an up-to-date synthesis of current knowledge on species formation, and the factors influencing current distribution patterns. It draws heavily on new information on Earth history, including past glacial and other climatic changes, on new developments in molecular biology and palaeontology, and on recent studies of bird distribution and migration patterns, to produce a coherent account of the factors that have influenced bird species diversity and distribution patterns worldwide. Received the Best Bird Book of the Year award for 2004 from British Birds magazine. * Winner of the British Birds/British Trust for Ornithology, Bird Book of the Year 2004! * The first book to deal comprehensively with bird speciation and biogeography * Up-to-date synthesis of new information * Clearly written * No previous book covers the same ground * Many maps and diagrams * Makes difficult and widely scattered information accessible and easily understood * A sound base for future research * Takes full account of recent developments in molecular biology
Categories: Nature

Evolutionary Paleoecology

Evolutionary Paleoecology

Biogeography and Adaptation. Cambridge MA: Harvard University Press. Vermeij
, G. J. 1987a. Interoceanic differences in architecture and ecology: The effects of
history and productivity. UNESCO Reports in Marine Science 46:105–125.

Author: Warren D. Allmon

Publisher: Columbia University Press

ISBN: 9780231528528

Category: Science

Page: 320

View: 810

One of the most important questions we can ask about life is "Does ecology matter?" Most biologists and paleontologists are trained to answer "yes," but the exact mechanisms by which ecology matters in the context of patterns that play out over millions of years have never been entirely clear. This book examines these mechanisms and looks at how ancient environments affected evolution, focusing on long-term macroevolutionary changes as seen in the fossil record. Evolutionary paleoecology is not a new discipline. Beginning with Darwin, researchers have attempted to understand how the environment has affected evolutionary history. But as we learn more about these patterns, the search for a new synthetic view of the evolutionary process that integrates species evolution, ecology, and mass extinctions becomes ever more pressing. The present volume is a benchmark sampler of active research in this ever more active field.
Categories: Science

Estuarine Ecology

Estuarine Ecology

(b) Adaptations of root structures to anaerobic environments (Saenger, 2002). no
new supply). Mangrove wetlands inhabit stressed tropical coastal ... type:
Environmental settings Hydroperiod I n la. Biogeography and Adaptations | 173.

Author: John W. Day, Jr.

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9781118391914

Category: Science

Page: 568

View: 409

Estuaries are among the most biologically productive ecosystems on the planet--critical to the life cycles of fish, other aquatic animals, and the creatures which feed on them. Estuarine Ecology, Second Edition, covers the physical and chemical aspects of estuaries, the biology and ecology of key organisms, the flow of organic matter through estuaries, and human interactions, such as the environmental impact of fisheries on estuaries and the effects of global climate change on these important ecosystems. Authored by a team of world experts from the estuarine science community, this long-awaited, full-color edition includes new chapters covering phytoplankton, seagrasses, coastal marshes, mangroves, benthic algae, Integrated Coastal Zone Management techniques, and the effects of global climate change. It also features an entriely new section on estuarine ecosystem processes, trophic webs, ecosystem metabolism, and the interactions between estuaries and other ecosystems such as wetlands and marshes
Categories: Science

Biogeography

Biogeography

... host interstadials intertropical convergence zone (ITCZ) invasion biological
human invasive (alien) species plants Ipomoea pes-caprae (strand-line creeper)
Irish 'elk' island arcs island biogeography adaptation and evolution Anak
Krakatau ...

Author: C. Barry Cox

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9781118968604

Category: Science

Page: 500

View: 893

Through eight successful editions, and over nearly 40 years, Biogeography: An Ecological and Evolutionary Approach has provided a thorough and comprehensive exploration of the varied scientific disciplines and research that are essential to understanding the subject. The text has been praised for its solid background in historical biogeography and basic biology, that is enhanced and illuminated by discussions of current research. This new edition incorporates the exciting changes of the recent years, and presents a thoughtful exploration of the research and controversies that have transformed our understanding of the biogeography of the world. It also clearly identifies the three quite different arenas of biogeographical research: continental biogeography, island biogeography and marine biogeography. It is the only current textbook with full coverage of marine biogeography. It reveals how the patterns of life that we see today have been created by the two great Engines of the Planet - the Geological Engine, plate tectonics, which alters the conditions of life on the planet, and the Biological Engine, evolution, which responds to these changes by creating new forms and patterns of life.
Categories: Science

Island Biogeography

Island Biogeography

In short, data on the ecology of colonization, the phylogenetic relationships
among anoles, their biogeographical distribution, and ... The word 'adaptation'
gives an erroneous impression of prediction, forethought or, at the very least,
design.

Author: Robert J. Whittaker

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0198566115

Category: Nature

Page: 401

View: 706

Isolation, extinction, conservation, biodiversity, hotspots.
Categories: Nature

Primate Adaptation and Evolution

Primate Adaptation and Evolution

Primate Adaptation and Evolution, Third Edition, is a thorough revision of the text of choice for courses in primate evolution.

Author: John G. Fleagle

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 9780123786333

Category: Science

Page: 464

View: 868

Primate Adaptation and Evolution, Third Edition, is a thorough revision of the text of choice for courses in primate evolution. The book retains its grounding in the extant primate groups as the best way to understand the fossil trail and the evolution of these modern forms. However, this coverage is now streamlined, making reference to the many new and excellent books on living primate ecology and adaptation - a field that has burgeoned since the first edition of Primate Adaptation and Evolution. By drawing out the key features of the extant families and referring to more detailed texts, the author sets the scene and also creates space for a thorough updating of the exciting developments in primate palaeontology - and the reconstruction through early hominid species - of our own human origins. This updated version covers recent developments in primate paleontology and the latest taxonomy, and includes over 200 new illustrations and revised evolutionary trees. This text is ideal for undergraduate and post-graduate students studying the evolution and functional ecology of primates and early fossil hominids. Long-awaited revision of the standard student text on primate evolution Full coverage of newly discovered fossils and the latest taxonomy Over 200 new illustrations and revised evolutionary trees
Categories: Science

Mammalogy

Mammalogy

The fifth edition includes • for the first time, stunning color photographs throughout • chapters rearranged and grouped to best reflect phylogenetic relationships, with updated numbers of genera and species for each family • updated ...

Author: George A. Feldhamer

Publisher: JHU Press

ISBN: 9781421436531

Category: Science

Page: 744

View: 381

There are more than 6,400 species in the class Mammalia, including the blue whale—the largest animal that has ever lived—and the pygmy shrew, which weighs little more than a dime. Such diversity among mammals has allowed them to play critical roles in every ecosystem, whether marine, freshwater, alpine, tundra, forest, or desert. Reflecting the expertise and perspective of five leading mammalogists, the fifth edition of Mammalogy: Adaptation, Diversity, Ecology significantly updates taxonomy, adds a new introductory chapter on the science of mammalogy, and highlights several recently described species. To enhance its appeal to students, textual material has been reduced, consolidated, and streamlined without sacrificing breadth or depth of coverage. The fifth edition includes • for the first time, stunning color photographs throughout • chapters rearranged and grouped to best reflect phylogenetic relationships, with updated numbers of genera and species for each family • updated mammalian structural and functional adaptations, as well as ordinal fossil histories • recent advances in mammalian phylogeny, biogeography, social behavior, and ecology, with 12 new or revised cladograms reflecting current research findings • new breakout boxes on novel or unique aspects of mammals • new work on female post-copulatory mate choice, cooperative behaviors, group defense, and the role of the vomeronasal system • discussions of the current implications of climate change and other anthropogenic factors for mammals Maintaining the accessible, readable style for which Feldhamer and his coauthors are well known, this new edition of Mammalogy is the authoritative textbook on this amazingly diverse class of vertebrates.
Categories: Science

Human Biogeography

Human Biogeography

Here, therefore, it is potential adaptations to oxygen deprivation that is the topic.
... An explanation for the apparent lack of adaptation of these high-elevation
animals is that climatic warming and an increasing human population in the
region ...

Author: Alexander Harcourt

Publisher: Univ of California Press

ISBN: 9780520951778

Category: Science

Page: 328

View: 844

In this innovative, wide-ranging synthesis of anthropology and biogeography, Alexander Harcourt tells how and why our species came to be distributed around the world. He explains our current understanding of human origins, tells how climate determined our spread, and describes the barriers that delayed and directed migrating peoples. He explores the rich and complex ways in which our anatomy, physiology, cultural diversity, and population density vary from region to region in the areas we inhabit. The book closes with chapters on how human cultures have affected each other’s geographic distributions, how non-human species have influenced human distribution, and how humans have reduced the ranges of many other species while increasing the ranges of others. Throughout, Harcourt compares what we understand of human biogeography to non-human primate biogeography.
Categories: Science

Biogeography and Ecology in South America

Biogeography and Ecology in South America

distinguish two groups, i.e. the cool-adapted group of the mountainous streams
and torrents (rhithron) and the warm-adapted group of the water bodies of the
tropical plains (potamon). Cool-adapted, oligostenothermic groups reveal a
rather ...

Author: E.J. Fittkau

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9061930715

Category: Science

Page: 497

View: 612

With 'Biogeography and Ecology in South America' as the general theme, a total of twenty-nine contributions by thirty authors is offered here in two volumes, being volumes 18 and 19 of the Monographiae Biologicae. Most of these discussions deal with decidedly specialist themes and the editors have been particularly concerned to ensure that the authors enjoyed the greatest possible freedom in the preparation of their work in order that different points of view and interpretations, together with some questions of controversy, may be clarified. This also applies, of course, to the several chapters in which general themes (geographical substance, climate, geology, vegetation, amongst others) are discussed. Since the amount of material available is too great to enable one to aspire to a presentation of the complete biogeographical and ecological picture, this procedure seems expedient. However, these two volumes could well be regarded as being a preparatory work for just such a complete description. Each of the separate technical contributions refers to the continent as a whole, in order to characterise it as such from the viewpoint of the specialist. For this reason it was necessary to forgo special discussions of particular regions or types of landscape, although South America of all places is remarkably rich in unique regional phenom- ena, the altiplano of Peru and Bolivia, the relict forests of Fray Jorge, the shrub formations of Tierra del Fuego, the lakes of the High Andes, for example.
Categories: Science

Heat Shock Proteins and Whole Body Adaptation to Extreme Environments

Heat Shock Proteins and Whole Body Adaptation to Extreme Environments

... link biogeography to physiology and adaptation. We were very lucky from the
very beginning when compared cell cultures of two moth species and
demonstrated that heat-resistant species (silkworm Bombyx mori) is able to
synthesize Hsps ...

Author: Michael B. Evgen'ev

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9789401792356

Category: Medical

Page: 218

View: 102

For many years, the authors have investigated the adaptive role of heat shock proteins (HSPs) in different animals, including the representatives of homothermic and poikilothermic organisms that inhabit regions with contrasting thermal conditions. This book will summarize the data accumulated in the course of these studies and describe the general molecular mechanisms underlying the adaptation of various organisms to aggressive environments. We also concentrate on different evolutionary trends characteristic for HSP systems in the course of adaptation to fluctuating environmental conditions. In addition, we describe the peculiarities in the regulatory regions of heat shock genes necessary for fine tuning of these systems providing the adaptation to adverse conditions. Special emphasis is given to the role of mobile elements in the evolution and functioning of various groups of HSP genes. The book combines the results of field studies and laboratory analysis of stress genes systems.
Categories: Medical

Biological Resources and Migration

Biological Resources and Migration

Migration of humans and animals, plants and even microbes is a ubiquitous global phenomenon. This book covers all forms of migration - plant, microbial, animal or human - and their mutual impact in detail.

Author: Dietrich Werner

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9783662060834

Category: Science

Page: 363

View: 528

Migration of humans and animals, plants and even microbes is a ubiquitous global phenomenon. This book covers all forms of migration - plant, microbial, animal or human - and their mutual impact in detail. The contributions in this book are the result of an innovative International Conference and OECD Workshop aimed at triggering off the interdisciplinary dialogue between natural scientists and socioeconomists.
Categories: Science

An Introduction to Applied Biogeography

An Introduction to Applied Biogeography

... of climate change on physical and ecological systems , human health and
socioeconomic sectors . The Group also reviewed information on the technical
and economic feasibility of a range of potential adaptation and mitigation
strategies .

Author: Ian F. Spellerberg

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 0521457122

Category: Nature

Page: 243

View: 662

Species distribution, conservation management, landscape planning.
Categories: Nature

Biogeography Time and Place Distributions Barriers and Islands

Biogeography  Time and Place  Distributions  Barriers and Islands

Some predictions of evolutionary theory about speciation and adaptation are
tested in an island setting, with also palaeoislands taken into account. Allopatry
may result in differentiation and speciation, but whether, when, and how this ...

Author: Willem Renema

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9781402063749

Category: Science

Page: 416

View: 893

This book offers exchanges between the fields of paleontology and zoology as patterns of biodiversity have long attracted the attention of both biologists and paleontologists. It covers the development of isolated island faunas, paleogeography and zoomorphology. The book shows that patterns are not always what they seem if looked at without a spatial or temporal reference.
Categories: Science