Author: Ana Cecília S. Bastos,Elaine P. RabinovichPublish On: 2010-01-01
Developmental Poetics of Cultural Realities
Author: Ana Cecília S. Bastos,Elaine P. Rabinovich
This book covers the results of investigation of social realities and their public representation in Brazilian poor communities, with a particular emphasis on the use of cultural tools to survive and create psychological and social novelty under conditions of severe poverty. A relevant part of it brings together the multifaceted evidence of a decade of research concentrated in two particular lowincome areas in the city of Salvador da Bahia, Brazil. Other studies conducted in other Brazilian areas and in Cali, Colombia are included. In contrast to most representations of poverty in the social sciences which create a “calamity story” of the lives of poor people, the coverage in this book is meant to balance the focus on harsh realities with the culturalpsychological resiliency of individuals and families under poverty.
Cultural Writing. Islamic Studies. Canandian Studies. In this book a variety of Canadian Muslim voices address vital issues related to the question of living as Muslims in the Canadian social, legal, and political spaces. For example, what issues of integration and identity face young Muslims growing up in this country? Is there, in fact, a single Muslim identity? Has the Canadian government, under pressure due to the "war against terror," failed to safeguard the rights of young Muslims? How does Canada's tolerance of diverse cultures extend to the case of Muslims? What are the implications of the veiled voting legislation? Is worship in Islam compatible with the practice of science?
Author: Peter Rushton,Gwenda MorganPublish On: 2013-06-20
Convicts, Rebels and Slaves
Author: Peter Rushton,Gwenda Morgan
Publisher: A&C Black
Banishing troublesome and deviant people from society was common in the early modern period. Many European countries removed their paupers, convicted criminals, rebels and religious dissidents to remote communities or to their colonies where they could be simultaneously punished and, perhaps, contained and reformed. Under British rule, poor Irish, Scottish Jacobites, English criminals, Quakers, gypsies, Native Americans, the Acadian French in Canada, rebellious African slaves, or vulnerable minorities like the Jews of St. Eustatius, were among those expelled and banished to another place. This book explores the legal and political development of this forced migration, focusing on the British Atlantic world between 1600 and 1800. The territories under British rule were not uniform in their policies, and not all practices were driven by instructions from London, or based on a clear legal framework. Using case studies of legal and political strategies from the Atlantic world, and drawing on accounts of collective experiences and individual narratives, the authors explore why victims were chosen for banishment, how they were transported and the impact on their lives. The different contexts of such banishment – internal colonialism ethnic and religious prejudice, suppression of religious or political dissent, or the savageries of war in Europe or the colonies – are examined to establish to what extent displacement, exile and removal were fundamental to the early British Empire.
Common Law and the Rhetoric of Social Exclusion in Early New England
Author: Nan Goodman
Publisher: University of Pennsylvania Press
A community is defined not only by inclusion but also by exclusion. Seventeenth-century New England Puritans, themselves exiled from one society, ruthlessly invoked the law of banishment from another: over time, hundreds of people were forcibly excluded from this developing but sparsely settled colony. Nan Goodman suggests that the methods of banishment rivaled—even overpowered—contractual and constitutional methods of inclusion as the means of defining people and place. The law and rhetoric that enacted the exclusion of certain parties, she contends, had the inverse effect of strengthening the connections and collective identity of those that remained. Banished investigates the practices of social exclusion and its implications through the lens of the period's common law. For Goodman, common law is a site of negotiation where the concepts of community and territory are more fluid and elastic than has previously been assumed for Puritan society. Her legal history brings fresh insight to well-known as well as more obscure banishment cases, including those of Anne Hutchinson, Roger Williams, Thomas Morton, the Quakers, and the Indians banished to Deer Island during King Philip's War. Many of these cases were driven less by the religious violations that may have triggered them than by the establishment of rules for membership in a civil society. Law provided a language for the Puritans to know and say who they were—and who they were not. Banished reveals the Puritans' previously neglected investment in the legal rhetoric that continues to shape our understanding of borders, boundaries, and social exclusion.
Author: C. Attias-Donfut,J. Cook,J. Hoffman,L. WaitePublish On: 2012-05-15
Author: C. Attias-Donfut,J. Cook,J. Hoffman,L. Waite
This book explores migration experiences of African families across two generations in Britain, France and South Africa. Global processes of African migration are investigated, and the lived experiences of African migrants are explored in areas such as citizenship, belonging, intergenerational transmission, work and social mobility.