Animals Diseases and Human Health Shaping Our Lives Now and in the Future

Animals  Diseases  and Human Health  Shaping Our Lives Now and in the Future

This book explains how animals shape our lives and our health, providing evidence that a "One Health" approach is the only logical methodology for advancing human health in the future. • Contains illustrations and photographs to accompany ...

Author: Radford G. Davis D.V.M., M.P.H.

Publisher: ABC-CLIO

ISBN: 9780313385308

Category: Medical

Page: 286

View: 443

This book explains how animals shape our lives and our health, providing evidence that a "One Health" approach is the only logical methodology for advancing human health in the future. • Contains illustrations and photographs to accompany the text • Includes a bibliography with most chapters • Features a sidebar in each chapter that presents interesting facts not found elsewhere in the chapter • Serves as a ready reference for pet owners as well as a text for high school and college students focused on animal science and health, public health, veterinary medicine, biology, microbiology, and virology
Categories: Medical

Animals Disease and Human Society

Animals  Disease and Human Society

This book explores the history and nature of our dependency on other animals and the implications of this for human and animal health.

Author: Joanna Swabe

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781134675395

Category: Social Science

Page: 202

View: 983

This book explores the history and nature of our dependency on other animals and the implications of this for human and animal health. Writing from an historical and sociological perspective, Joanna Swabe's work discusses such issues as: * animal domestication * the consequences of human exploitation of other animals, including links between human and animal disease * the rise of a veterinary regime, designed to protect humans and animals alike * implications of intensive farming practices, pet-keeping and recent biotechnological developments. This account spans a period of some ten thousand years, and raises important questions about the increasing intensification of animal use for both animal and human health.
Categories: Social Science

Anthrax in Humans and Animals

Anthrax in Humans and Animals

This fourth edition of the anthrax guidelines encompasses a systematic review of the extensive new scientific literature and relevant publications up to end 2007 including all the new information that emerged in the 3-4 years after the ...

Author: World Health Organization

Publisher: World Health Organization

ISBN: 9789241547536

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 208

View: 681

This fourth edition of the anthrax guidelines encompasses a systematic review of the extensive new scientific literature and relevant publications up to end 2007 including all the new information that emerged in the 3-4 years after the anthrax letter events. This updated edition provides information on the disease and its importance, its etiology and ecology, and offers guidance on the detection, diagnostic, epidemiology, disinfection and decontamination, treatment and prophylaxis procedures, as well as control and surveillance processes for anthrax in humans and animals. With two rounds of a rigorous peer-review process, it is a relevant source of information for the management of anthrax in humans and animals.
Categories: Business & Economics

The Relation of Animal Diseases to the Public Health

The Relation of Animal Diseases to the Public Health

Assuming this rank , then , as a source of food , it is self - apparent that the
greatest care should be taken in keeping such animals in a hygienic — i . e . ,
healthy - condition . Animal hygiene differs much from human : 1. The animals
must be ...

Author: Frank Seaver Billings

Publisher:

ISBN: STANFORD:36105046884396

Category: Digital images

Page: 446

View: 217

Categories: Digital images

One Health

One Health

This book presents core concepts, compelling evidence, successful applications, and remaining challenges of One Health approaches to thwarting the threat of emerging infectious disease.

Author: Ronald M. Atlas

Publisher: ASM Press

ISBN: 9781555818425

Category: Medical

Page: 318

View: 202

Emerging infectious diseases are often due to environmental disruption, which exposes microbes to a different niche that selects for new virulence traits and facilitates transmission between animals and humans. Thus, health of humans also depends upon health of animals and the environment – a concept called One Health. This book presents core concepts, compelling evidence, successful applications, and remaining challenges of One Health approaches to thwarting the threat of emerging infectious disease. Written by scientists working in the field, this book will provide a series of ""stories"" about how disruption of the environment and transmission from animal hosts is responsible for emerging human and animal diseases. • Explains the concept of One Health and the history of the One Health paradigm shift . • Traces the emergence of devastating new diseases in both animals and humans.• Presents case histories of notable, new zoonoses, including West Nile virus, hantavirus, Lyme disease, SARS, and salmonella.• Links several epidemic zoonoses with the environmental factors that promote them.• Offers insight into the mechanisms of microbial evolution toward pathogenicity.• Discusses the many causes behind the emergence of antibiotic resistance.• Presents new technologies and approaches for public health disease surveillance.• Offers political and bureaucratic strategies for promoting the global acceptance of One Health.
Categories: Medical

Companion Animals in Human Health

Companion Animals in Human Health

This book sets out to examine how animals affect their companion humans' quality of life.

Author: Cindy C. Wilson

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 076191062X

Category: Medical

Page: 310

View: 265

This book sets out to examine how animals affect their companion humans' quality of life. The contributors address human animal interaction (HAI) according to the elements that define quality of life: physical; mental/emotional and social health; functional health; and general well-being. The book will be required reading for all health and social science professionals caring for clients who already have companion animals or for clients who might benefit from such interaction.
Categories: Medical

Brucellosis in Humans and Animals

Brucellosis in Humans and Animals

Brucellosis, also known as undulant fever, Mediterranean fever, or Malta fever, is an important human disease in many parts of the world.

Author: Michael J. Corbel

Publisher: World Health Organization

ISBN: 9789241547130

Category: Medical

Page: 89

View: 409

Brucellosis, also known as undulant fever, Mediterranean fever, or Malta fever, is an important human disease in many parts of the world. It is a zoonosis and the infection is almost invariably transmitted to people by direct or indirect contact with infected animals or their products. These Guidelines are designed as a concise, yet comprehensive, statement on brucellosis for public health, veterinary and laboratory personnel without access to specialized services. They are also to be a source of accessible and updated information for such others as nurses, midwives and medical assistants who may have to be involved with brucellosis in humans. Emphasis is placed on fundamental measures of environmental and occupational hygiene in the community and in the household as well as on the sequence of actions required to detect and treat patients.
Categories: Medical

Human Animal Medicine E Book

Human Animal Medicine   E Book

Human Health Clinicians • Consider information about clinical disease in animals
as potentially relevant to human disease (do not diagnose disease in ... Report
diseases of public health significance to local or state public health authorities.

Author: Peter M. Rabinowitz

Publisher: Elsevier Health Sciences

ISBN: 9781437711868

Category: Medical

Page: 432

View: 944

Human-Animal Medicine is an innovative reference exploring the unprecedented convergence of human, animal, and environmental health, triggering global pandemics and requiring new clinical paradigms. The "One Health" approach calls for greater communication and cooperation between human health care providers, public health professionals, and veterinarians to better address vital issues of emerging diseases and environmental change. This incredibly timely book provides, for the first time, practical guidelines for "One Health" collaborations in a wide range of clinical human-animal health issues, including the H1N1 virus, zoonotic diseases, the human-animal bond, animal allergy, bites and stings, and animals as "sentinels" for toxic environmental health hazards. UNIQUE! For each condition, specific steps human health care providers, veterinarians, and public health professionals must take to prevent and manage disease. UNIQUE! Comparative tables of disease signs, diagnosis and treatment in humans and animals for easy reference. UNIQUE! Guidelines to detect and improve environmental factors affecting the health of humans and animals. Occupational health guidelines for preventive care of animal workers including veterinary personnel, farmers, pet store employees, and zoo workers. Treatment of emerging disease issues including zoonoses, H1N1 virus, harmful algae blooms, and animal-related pesticides UNIQUE! Sample protocols facilitate professional communication between veterinarians, human health clinicians, and public health professionals. Legal and ethical aspects of "One Health" that human health providers and veterinarians need to know.
Categories: Medical

One Health The Human Animal Environment Interfaces in Emerging Infectious Diseases

One Health  The Human Animal Environment Interfaces in Emerging Infectious Diseases

Countering the movement toward separation, Calvin Schwabe sought to bring
the fields of human and animal health care and infectious disease surveillance
together. It was Schwabe's view that: There is no difference of paradigm between
 ...

Author: John S. Mackenzie

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9783642368899

Category: Medical

Page: 362

View: 942

One Health is an emerging concept that aims to bring together human, animal, and environmental health. Achieving harmonized approaches for disease detection and prevention is difficult because traditional boundaries of medical and veterinary practice must be crossed. In the 19th and early 20th centuries this was not the case—then researchers like Louis Pasteur and Robert Koch and physicians like William Osler and Rudolph Virchow crossed the boundaries between animal and human health. More recently Calvin Schwabe revised the concept of One Medicine. This was critical for the advancement of the field of epidemiology, especially as applied to zoonotic diseases. The future of One Health is at a crossroads with a need to more clearly define its boundaries and demonstrate its benefits. Interestingly the greatest acceptance of One Health is seen in the developing world where it is having significant impacts on control of infectious diseases.
Categories: Medical

Zoonoses

Zoonoses

Specifically, this fourth edition covers zoonosis caused by viruses, bacteria, fungi and parasites infections caused by animal bites infections and intoxications by animal foods Iatrogenic transmission of zoonotic pathogens Zoonoses is an ...

Author: Rolf Bauerfeind

Publisher: ASM Press

ISBN: 1555819257

Category: Medical

Page: 532

View: 520

Zoonoses are a persistent threat to the global human health Today, more than 200 diseases occurring in humans and animals are known to be mutually transmitted. Classical infectious diseases, such as rabies, plague, and yellow fever, have not been eradicated despite major efforts. New zoonotic diseases are on the increase due global conditions such as overpopulation, wars, and food scarcity, which facilitate human contact with rodents, stray animals, and their parasites. In addition, humans are unwittingly becoming accidental hosts and new links in an infectious chain by engaging in activities such as survival training, which involves camping in open areas and consumption of raw or insufficiently cooked food. Zoonotic infections cause a variety of symptoms that often do not provide clear evidence of a known disease. Zoonoses, Fourth Edition, describes most occurring worldwide zoonosis and facilitates the identification, diagnosis and treatment of zoonotic infections. Written by a team of doctors, medical microbiologists and veterinarians, this completely, revised edition covers all aspects of the epidemiology and prevention of zoonotic diseases through clear descriptions of various illnesses. Specifically, this fourth edition covers zoonosis caused by viruses, bacteria, fungi and parasites infections caused by animal bites infections and intoxications by animal foods Iatrogenic transmission of zoonotic pathogens Zoonoses is an indispensable reference for clinicians and laboratorians.
Categories: Medical

Animal Sciences

Animal Sciences

Because many diseases of animals may be transmitted to humans (called
zoonoses) the relationship between animal health and public health becomes
readily apparent. The prevention, control, and elimination of animal diseases
contribute ...

Author: John R. Campbell

Publisher: Waveland Press

ISBN: 9781478608219

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 510

View: 987

This textbook is intended as a comprehensive introduction to the biology, care, and production of domestic animals and freshwater sh raised to provide food, as well as pets kept for companionship and recreation. The authors teaching and research experiences in agriculture, animal and dairy sciences, and veterinary medicine provide the professional expertise that underpins the clearly written discussions of advances in animal sciences affecting humans globally. Coverage includes breeds and life cycles of livestock and poultry; nutritional contributions of animal products to humans; the principles of animal genetics, anatomy, and physiology including reproduction, lactation and growth; animal disease and public health; and insects and their biological control. Each chapter stands on its own. Instructors can assign higher priority to certain chapters and arrange topics for study in keeping with their preferred course outlines. The text has been classroom-tested for four decades in more than 100 colleges and universities at home and abroad. Additionally, it is pedagogically enhanced with glossary terms in boldface type, study questions at the end of each chapter, more than 350 illustrations, and historical and philosophical quotations. These useful features aid students in comprehending scientic concepts as well as enjoying the pleasures derived from learning more about food-producing animals, horses, and popular pets.
Categories: Technology & Engineering

Prions in Humans and Animals

Prions in Humans and Animals

This comprehensive work, aimed at both students and researchers alike, systematically covers all aspects of prion diseases (transmissible spongiform encephalopathies), from their history, microbiology and pathology to their transmissibility ...

Author: Beat Hörnlimann

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter

ISBN: 9783110200171

Category: Medical

Page: 741

View: 162

This comprehensive work, aimed at both students and researchers alike, systematically covers all aspects of prion diseases (transmissible spongiform encephalopathies), from their history, microbiology and pathology to their transmissibility and prevention. The book describes diseases such as Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease, kuru, mad cow disease (BSE), chronic wasting disease and scrapie, highlighting their biochemical, molecular biological, genetic, and clinical aspects. A renowned editorial team brought together 80 internationally respected authors for this translation and new edition of the successful German publication. The book includes chapters by, among many other notable scientists, William J. Hadlow, who discovered the relationship between the human and animal forms of prion diseases and Michael P. Alpers, with 45 years of experience in Papua New Guinea investigating the first known human epidemic form, kuru, transmitted by endocannibalism. Carefully edited with numerous illustrations, this work offers a systematic approach committed to a clear presentation of the current knowledge of prion diseases. It aims to inspire and stimulate interdisciplinary cooperation, innovative research ideas and effective prevention.
Categories: Medical

Animal Disease Prevention in Developing Countries

Animal Disease Prevention in Developing Countries

Author: American Public Health Association. Veterinary Public Health Section

Publisher:

ISBN: MINN:31951000052562V

Category: Animal food

Page: 58

View: 464

Categories: Animal food

The African Food System and Its Interaction with Human Health and Nutrition

The African Food System and Its Interaction with Human Health and Nutrition

CHAPTER 4 Animals as a Source of Human Diseases : Historical Perspective
and Future Health Risks for the African Population E. Fuller Torrey Abstract
Animals and humans are intimately connected by diseases . Many of the earliest
 ...

Author: Per Pinstrup-Andersen

Publisher: Cornell University Press

ISBN: 0801476925

Category: Health & Fitness

Page: 357

View: 574

Hunger, malnutrition, poor health, and deficient food systems are widespread in Sub-Saharan Africa. While much is known about African food systems and about African health and nutrition, our understanding of the interaction between food systems and health and nutrition is deficient. Moreover, the potential health gains from changes in the food system are frequently overlooked in policy design and implementation.The authors of The African Food System and its Interactions with Human Health and Nutrition examine how public policy and research aimed at the food system and its interaction with human health and nutrition can improve the well-being of Africans and help achieve the United Nations Millennium Development Goals (MDGs). Several of the MDGs focus on health-related challenges: hunger alleviation; maternal, infant, and child mortality; the control of HIV/AIDS, tuberculosis, and malaria; and the provision of safe water and improved sanitation. These challenges are intensified by problems of low agricultural and food system productivity, gender inequity, lack of basic infrastructure, and environmental degradation, all of which have direct and indirect detrimental effects on health, nutrition, and the food system.Reflecting the complexity and multidisciplinary nature of these problems and their solutions, this book features contributions by world-renowned experts in economics, agriculture, health, nutrition, food science, and demography. Contributors: Harold Alderman, World Bank; Christopher B. Barrett, Cornell University; Kathryn J. Boor, Cornell University; Laura K. Cramer, Cornell University; Stuart Gillespie, International Food Policy Research Institute; Anna Herforth, Cornell University; Dorothy Nakimbugwe, Makerere University; Rebecca Nelson, Cornell University, Onesmo K. ole-MoiYoi, Kenyatta University and Kenya Agricultural Research Institute; Per Pinstrup-Andersen, Cornell University and the University of Copenhagen; Marie T. Ruel, International Food Policy Research Institute; David E. Sahn, Cornell University; Barbara Boyle Torrey, Population Reference Bureau; E. Fuller Torrey, Stanley Medical Research Institute; Joachim von Braun, University of Bonn; Speciosa Wandira, Concave International; Derrill D. Watson, Cornell University
Categories: Health & Fitness

Zoonoses Public Health and the Exotic Animal Practitioner An Issue of Veterinary Clinics Exotic Animal Practice E Book

Zoonoses  Public Health and the Exotic Animal Practitioner  An Issue of Veterinary Clinics  Exotic Animal Practice   E Book

to alterations in the typical transmission period of some vector borne diseases.
For example, West Nile virus, which typically peaks in late summer, could be
transmitted earlier in the year leading to a higher incidence of disease in humans
 ...

Author: Marcy J. Souza

Publisher: Elsevier Health Sciences

ISBN: 9781455712083

Category: Medical

Page: 192

View: 452

A comprehensive review of zoonoses and public health for the exotic animal practitioner! The issue will cover: zoonoses and preventive medicine practices, rabies, followed by specific, individual chapters on zoonoses associated with invertebrates, fish, reptiles and amphibians, common pet birds, backyard flocks, wild birds, rabbits and rodents, pocket pets, felids & procyonids, and primates and monkeys.
Categories: Medical

The Ecology of Mycobacteria Impact on Animal s and Human s Health

The Ecology of Mycobacteria  Impact on Animal s and Human s Health

The Ecology of Mycobacteria: Impact on Animal's and Human's Health, DOI
10.1007/978-1-4020-9413-26, © Springer Science+Business ... In as much as
the same overlap of habitats is responsible for human and animal diseases, the
protozoa and insects can serve as ... organisms to humans and animals can
occur in a variety of ways: • Lower organisms with mycobacteria on their surface
can spread ...

Author: Jindrich Kazda

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1402094132

Category: Science

Page: 522

View: 593

habitats and the overlapping of these biotopes by humans and animals contributed to the spread of mycobacteria and perhaps to their convergence to pathogenicity. It was not our intention to present a compendium covering all published results, but rather to issue a “readable” book, which is illustrative and thus focused on the principle facts. The increase in the number of Editors has allowed the sharing of original experiences regarding the ecology of mycobacteria, published here for the ?rst time in some cases. The supplemented edition should serve as a guide to these discoveries and also contribute to an understanding of clinically signi?cant species in human and animal medicine. Borstel, Germany, January 2009 Jindrich Kazda Editors’Comments The editors responsible for the chapters are listed under the title of each chapter. Authors are listed under the titles of subchapters. The references are listed as they appear in the databases Reference Manager (Thomson Reuters, Philadelphia) as imported from Web of Science (Thomson Reuters, Philadelphia) or PubMed (Medline, NLM Bethesda). A few citations, not indexed, were cited according to the reprints or books available. This principle resulted in minor differences in the titles (not all reference titles are in English, some references have capitalized title words, not all species names are according to the contemporary nomenclature and in italics). Some journals are cited with abbreviated titles, some in full, as available in the source databases. These differences were left in the format of the database.
Categories: Science

Public Health and Infectious Diseases

Public Health and Infectious Diseases

Lastly, many emerging diseases are harbored in economically important animal
species, suggesting that this reservoir for human infection will require new
approaches to prevent their spread to humans. Emerging infectious diseases
may be ...

Author: Jeffrey Griffiths

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 9780123815071

Category: Medical

Page: 512

View: 674

Emerging infectious diseases may be defined as diseases being caused by pathogens only recently recognized to exist. This group of diseases is important globally, and the experience of the last 30 years suggests that new emerging diseases are likely to bedevil us. As the global climate changes, so changes the environment, which can support not only the pathogens, but also their vectors of transmission. This expands the exposure and effects of infectious disease and, therefore, the importance of widespread understanding of the relationship between public health and infectious disease. This work brings together chapters that explain reasons for the emergence of these infectious diseases. These include the ecological context of human interactions with other humans, with animals that may host human pathogens, and with a changing agricultural and industrial environment, increasing resistance to antimicrobials, the ubiquity of global travel, and international commerce. * Features the latest discoveries related to influenza with a newly published article by Davidson Hamer and Jean van Seventer * Provides a listing of rare diseases that have become resurgent or spread their geographic distribution and are re-emergent * Highlights dengue and malaria, as well as agents such as West Nile and other arboviruses that have spread to new continents causing widespread concerns * Includes discussions of climate influencing the spread of infectious disease and political and societal aspects
Categories: Medical

Animal Health at the Crossroads

Animal Health at the Crossroads

This chapter does not attempt to provide a comprehensive analysis of all animal
diseases, but examines a “cafeteria-style” sample of diseases that could have
potentially large economic, human, and/or animal health impact. Box 3-1 lists the
 ...

Author: National Research Council

Publisher: National Academies Press

ISBN: 9780309092593

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 286

View: 817

The confirmed case of "mad cow" disease (BSE) in June 2005 illustrates the economic impact of disease outbreaks, as additional countries closed their markets to U.S. beef and beef products. Emerging diseases also threaten public health--11 out of 12 of the major global disease outbreaks over the last decade were from zoonotic agents (that spread from animals to humans). Animal Health at the Crossroads: Preventing, Detecting, and Diagnosing Animal Diseases finds that, in general, the U.S. animal health framework has been slow to take advantage of state-of-the-art technologies being used now to protect public health; better diagnostic tests for identifying all animal diseases should be made a priority. The report also recommends that the nation establish a high-level, authoritative, and accountable coordinating mechanism to engage and enhance partnerships among local, state, and federal agencies, and the private sector.
Categories: Technology & Engineering