Animal Ethos draws on ethnographic engagement with academic labs in which experimental research involving nonhuman species provokes difficult questions involving life and death, scientific progress, and other competing quandaries.
Author: Lesley A. Sharp
Publisher: University of California Press
Category: Social Science
What kinds of moral challenges arise from encounters between species in laboratory science? Animal Ethos draws on ethnographic engagement with academic labs in which experimental research involving nonhuman species provokes difficult questions involving life and death, scientific progress, and other competing quandaries. Whereas much has been written on core bioethical values that inform regulated behavior in labs, Lesley A. Sharp reveals the importance of attending to lab personnel’s quotidian and unscripted responses to animals. Animal Ethos exposes the rich—yet poorly understood—moral dimensions of daily lab life, where serendipitous, creative, and unorthodox responses are evidence of concerted efforts by researchers, animal technicians, veterinarians, and animal activists to transform animal laboratories into moral scientific worlds.
In the extended discussion of animal ēthos that Aristotle provides in his History of
Animals, sexual difference appears as one of five aspects of animal character
that allow for the granular discussion of difference that is the hallmark of this text.
Author: Jennifer Forestal
Category: Political Science
The Wives of Western Philosophy examines the lives and experiences of the wives and women associated with nine distinct political thinkers—from Socrates to Marx—in order to explore the gendered patterns of intellectual labor that permeate the foundations of Western political thought. Organized chronologically and representative of three eras in the history of political thought (Ancient, Early Modern, and Modern), nine critical biographical chapters explore the everyday acts of intellectual labor and partnership involving these "wives of the canon." Taking seriously their narratives as intimate partners reveals that wives have labored in remarkable ways throughout the history of political thought. In some cases, their labors mark the conceptual boundaries of political life; in others, they serve as uncredited resources for the production of political ideas. In all instances, however, these wives and intimates are pushed to the margins of the history of political thought. The Wives of Western Philosophy brings these women to the center of scholarly interest. In so doing, it provides new insights into the intellectual biographies of some of the most famed men in political theory while also raising important questions about the gendered politics of intellectual labor which shape our receptions of canonical texts and thinkers, and which sustain the academy even today.
Aristotle's emphasis on the factors that produce the clearest vision of animal
character is structural for Book 8, dedicated to a study of the ēthos of animals in
order to fill out Book 7's concern with animal bios and praxis. In Book 7, as we
Author: Sara Brill
Publisher: Oxford University Press
According to the terms of Aristotle's Politics, to be alive is to instantiate a form of rule. In the growth of plants, the perceptual capacities and movement of animals, and the impulse that motivates thinking, speaking, and deliberating Aristotle sees the working of a powerful generative force come to expression in an array of forms of life, and it is in these, if anywhere, that one could find the resources needed for a philosophic account of the nature of life as such. Aristotle on the Concept of Shared Life explores this intertwining of power and life in Aristotle's thought, and argues that Aristotle locates the foundation of human political life in the capacity to share one's most vital activities with others. A comprehensive study of the relationality which shared life reveals tells us something essential about Aristotle's approach to human political phenomena; namely, that they arise as forms of intimacy whose political character can only be seen when viewed in the context of Aristotle's larger inquiries into animal life, where they emerge not as categorically distinct from animal sociality, but as intensifications of it. Tracing the human capacity to share life thus illuminates the interrelation between the zoological, ethical, and political lenses through which Aristotle pursues his investigation of the polis. In following this connection, this volume also examines — and critically evaluates — the reception of Aristotle's political thought in some of the most influential concepts of contemporary critical theory.
105 Animal imagery is also applied to the enemies of Pharaoh in Egyptian
epigraphy. In the Athribis Stela, which recounts Merneptah's Libyan campaign in
his fifth year, the "families of Libya" are likened to mice scattering before the
Author: William P. Brown
Publisher: Wm. B. Eerdmans Publishing
This groundbreaking work investigates how the various pictures of creation found in Scripture helped shape the ancient faith community's moral character. Bringing together the fields of biblical studies and ethics, William Brown demonstrates how certain creation traditions of the Old and New Testaments were developed from the community's moral imagination for the purpose of forming and preserving both Israel's and the early church's identity in the world.
Without eros, ethos risks slippage into the realm of disembodied abstraction.
Suppression of eros is suppression of our animal selves and is thus antithetical to
the project of animal liberation. Suppression of eros severs us not only from our ...
Author: Carol J. Adams
Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing USA
Category: Literary Criticism
Leading feminist scholars and activists as well as new voices introduce and explore themes central to contemporary ecofeminism. Ecofeminism: Feminist Intersections with Other Animals and the Earth first offers an historical, grounding overview that situates ecofeminist theory and activism and provides a timeline for important publications and events. This is followed by contributions from leading theorists and activists on how our emotions and embodiment can and must inform our relationships with the more than human world. In the final section, the contributors explore the complexities of appreciating difference and the possibilities of living less violently. Throughout the book, the authors engage with intersections of gender and gender non-conformity, race, sexuality, disability, and species. The result is a new up-to-date resource for students and teachers of animal studies, environmental studies, feminist/gender studies, and practical ethics.
Chapter VII : Nietzsche and the Environmental Ethos 1. Animals and Human Animals " Sacrificial animals think quite differently about sacrifice than do human
spectators , but from the beginning they have not been allowed to comment .
Author: Adrian Del Caro
Publisher: Walter de Gruyter
The words 'grounding', 'rhetoric', and 'earth' represent the book's tripartite structure. Using a philological method Del Caro reveals the 'ecological' Nietzsche whose doctrines are strategies for responsible and creative partnership between humans and earth. The major doctrines are shown to be related to early writings linked to paganism, the quotidian, and the closest things of Human, All Too Human. Perspective is shifted from time to place in the eternal recurrence of the same, and from power to empowerment in the will to power. This book is the first to comprehensively address the issue of where Nietzsche stands in relation to environment, and it will contribute to the 'greening' of Nietzsche.
Even these less animal Centaurs exhibited a basic and characteristic aversion to
Greek custom , and one that was as ... complex polarity opposing the male Greek
or Athenian ethos to the triple antitheses of female , animal , and barbarian .
Author: David Castriota
Publisher: Univ of Wisconsin Press
Using material remains, as well as the evidence of contemporary Greek history, rhetoric, and poetry, David Castriota interprets the Athenian monuments as vehicles of an official ideology intended to celebrate and justify the present in terms of the past. Castriota focuses on the strategy of ethical antithesis that asserted Greek moral superiority over the "barbaric" Persians, whose invasion had been repelled a generation earlier. He examines how, in major public programs of painting and sculpture, the leading artists of the period recast the Persians in the guise of wild and impious mythic antagonists to associate them with the ethical flaws or weaknesses commonly ascribed to women, animals, and foreigners. The Athenians, in contrast, were compared to mythic protagonists representing the excellence and triumph of Hellenic culture. Castriota's study is innovative in emphasizing the ethical implication of mythic precedents, which required substantial alterations to render them more effective as archetypes for the defense of Greek culture against a foreign, morally inferior enemy. The book looks in new ways at how the patrons and planners sought to manipulate viewer response through the selective presentation or repackaging of mythic traditions.
... the two became enormous. The implications from the standpoint of animal
suffering were evident. ... arepartially linked). Ifwe are to believe this hypothesis,
the ethos of new philosophy and science may,in fact,feed contempt foranimals ...
Author: E. Aaltola
Exploring how animal suffering is made meaningful within Western ramifications, the book investigates themes such as skepticism concerning non-human experience, cultural roots of compassion, and contemporary approaches to animal ethics. At its center is the pivotal question: What is the moral significance of animal suffering?
Understanding these theories provides an outline for thinking and developing
concepts about moral commitment to animal welfare. Developing a personal
ethic (an ethos), in the context of an historical perspective, will assist the manager
Author: Mark A. Suckow
Publisher: CRC Press
The management of biomedical research using animals has become increasingly complex due to new technology, increased regulatory oversight, and recognition of the need for animals free of disease and distress. Within this changing environment, individuals charged with the management of laboratory animal facilities have a substantial responsibility to the institution, the public, and the animals. Management of Laboratory Animals Care and Use Programs provides both factual and theoretical information drawn from the substantial experience of authors who are noted experts in the field. This book will provide individuals with the basic knowledge and information necessary to meet typical professional challenges. A co-publication with the American Association for Laboratory Animal Science, this valuable book serves as the text for the Certified Manager Animal Resources (CMAR) exam.
Had we more time, it would in fact be easy to show that the kind of
hyperdominionist ethos defended in defending AgriProcessors is also a major
force in the allegedly secular sphere. Consider, for example, new “ag-gag” laws
in the United ...
Author: Aaron S. Gross
Publisher: Columbia University Press
Through an absorbing investigation into recent, high-profile scandals involving one of the largest kosher slaughterhouses in the world, located unexpectedly in Postville, Iowa, Aaron S. Gross makes a powerful case for elevating the category of the animal in the study of religion. Major theorists have almost without exception approached religion as a phenomenon that radically marks humans off from other animals, but Gross rejects this paradigm, instead matching religion more closely with the life sciences to better theorize human nature. Gross begins with a detailed account of the scandals at Agriprocessors and their significance for the American and international Jewish community. He argues that without a proper theorization of "animals and religion," we cannot fully understand religiously and ethically motivated diets and how and why the events at Agriprocessors took place. Subsequent chapters recognize the significance of animals to the study of religion in the work of Ernst Cassirer, Emile Durkheim, Mircea Eliade, Jonathan Z. Smith, and Jacques Derrida and the value of indigenous peoples' understanding of animals to the study of religion in our daily lives. Gross concludes by extending the Agribusiness scandal to the activities at slaughterhouses of all kinds, calling attention to the religiosity informing the regulation of "secular" slaughterhouses and its implications for our relationship with and self-imagination through animals.
Author: Amanda Perreau-SaussinePublish On: 2007-05-17
Aristotle often uses the term ethos to describe, not just the customs of men, but
also the habits of animals. In apassage describing the scala naturae quoted
above, hesays that some animals are influenced by ethos, while man alone has
Author: Amanda Perreau-Saussine
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
Some legal rules are not laid down by a legislator but grow instead from informal social practices. In contract law, for example, the customs of merchants are used by courts to interpret the provisions of business contracts; in tort law, customs of best practice are used by courts to define professional responsibility. Nowhere are customary rules of law more prominent than in international law. The customs defining the obligations of each State to other States and, to some extent, to its own citizens, are often treated as legally binding. However, unlike natural law and positive law, customary law has received very little scholarly analysis. To remedy this neglect, a distinguished group of philosophers, historians and lawyers has been assembled to assess the nature and significance of customary law. The book offers fresh insights on this neglected and misunderstood form of law.
The Ethos of Invention The Dialogue of Ethics and Aesthetics in Kenneth Burke
and Mikhail Bakhtin MARGARET D. ZULICK ... Heidegger points us to the
esoteric fact that it once meant “animal lair” or “haunt,” from which, in his reading
of a ...
Author: Michael J. Hyde
Publisher: Univ of South Carolina Press
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines
Fourteen noted rhetorical theorists and critics answer a summons to return ethics from abstraction to the particular. They discuss and explore a meaning of ethos that predates its more familiar translation as "moral character" and "ethics." Together the contributors define ethical discourse and describe what its practice looks like in particular communities.
Native American Sacred Ecology and Animal Kinship Howard L. Harrod ... The
classical utilitarian motifs that shape the American ethos and give rise to
particular experiences of animals are complicated by another set of images in
Author: Howard L. Harrod
Publisher: University of Arizona Press
Category: Social Science
In this major overview of the relationship between Indians and animals on the northern Great Plains, the author recovers a sense of the knowledge that hunting peoples had of the animals upon which they depended and raises important questions about Euroamerican relationships with the natural world.
animal. The view of social life overthrown by Luther, and later by Hobbes,
corresponded tothe model of the ancient sacred community in which human
beings only exist insofar as they are “seen” and “mediated” byathird subject
holding a ...
Author: L. Bruni
Category: Political Science
A discussion of the anthropological roots of the market, tracing its development using the history of ideas and cultures as well as simple game theory. In his analysis of market ethics Bruni calls for a reconsideration of some of the central tenets of modern political economy, and the need for a new spirit of capitalism.
But what they might have instead, following Pamela Asquith, is an ethos or
character that is “an innate attribute of a [particular] species and as diagnostic of
a species as its physical form. The ethos or character of animals [consists] of their
Author: Martha Ann Selby
Publisher: Columbia University Press
Dating from the early decades of the third century C.E., the Ainkurunuru is believed to be the world's earliest anthology of classical Tamil love poetry. Commissioned by a Cera-dynasty king and composed by five masterful poets, the anthology illustrates the five landscapes of reciprocal love: jealous quarreling, anxious waiting and lamentation, clandestine love before marriage, elopement and love in separation, and patient waiting after marriage. Despite its centrality to literary and intellectual traditions, the Ainkurunuru remains relatively unknown beyond specialists. Martha Ann Selby, well-known translator of classical Indian poetry and literature, takes the bold step of opening this anthology to all readers, presenting crystalline translations of 500 poems dense with natural imagery and early examples of South Indian culture. Because of their form's short length, the anthology's five authors rely on double entendre and sophisticated techniques of suggestion, giving their poems an almost haikulike feel. Groups of verse center on one unique figure, in some cases an object or an animal, in others a line of direct address or a specific conversation or situation. Selby introduces each section with a biographical sketch of the poet and the conventions at work within the landscape. She then incorporates notes explaining shifting contexts. Excerpt: He has gone off all by himselfbeyond the wasteswhere tigers used to prowland the toothbrush trees grow tall,their trunks parched,on the flinty mountains, while the lovely folds of your loins, wide as a chariot's seat, vanish as your circlet worked from gold grows far too large for you.
Identification with the animal kingdom often uncovers a double vision of a nature
both “ divine ” and “ dark . ” ll To read the BT ' s animal imgagery in this fashion is
not to deny a conscious message , but to layer it with subtextual meaning .
They eventually acquire houses because of their righteousness , before this
world is destroyed and replaced by a new creation . Similarly , in the Animal
Apocalypse ( 1 Enoch 85–90 ) the offerings in the Second Temple are said to be
5 Savage amusements of the poor: John Clare's badger sonnets i Among the “
sports” and diversions of Romantic England were gladiatorial battles between animals. While intellectuals and poets urged their ethos of loving communion
Author: David Perkins
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
Category: Literary Criticism
In England in the second half of the eighteenth century an unprecedented amount of writing urged kindness to animals. This theme was carried in many genres, from sermons to encyclopedias, from scientific works to literature for children, and in the poetry of Cowper, Wordsworth, Coleridge, Clare and others. Romanticism and Animal Rights discusses the arguments writers used, and the particular meanings of these arguments in a social and economic context so different from the present. After introductory chapters, the material is divided according to specific practices that particularly influenced feeling or aroused protest: pet keeping, hunting, baiting, working animals, eating them, and the various harms inflicted on wild birds. The book shows how extensively English Romantic writing took up issues of what we now call animal rights. In this respect it joins the growing number of studies that seek precedents or affinities in English Romanticism for our own ecological concerns.
Winter care of equine animals is directly related to religion in the minds of many
with whom I spoke. ... It must be emphasized that along with considering the
particular ethos by which a society views its animals, it is essential that peoples' ...
Author: M.W. Fox
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
This second volume of papers dealing with scientific and ethical aspects of animal welfare covers a variety of topics and areas of inves tigation. It will be of particular interest to those readers seeking more insight into such subjects as farm animal welfare and humane husbandry systems; animal experimentation, especially in the field of psychology; and pain in animals, notably its recognition and alleviation. Several of our selections deal with very specific subjects that are germane to animal welfare: the use of T-61 for euthanizing cats and dogs, a new humane method of stunning for livestock and poultry, an innovative alternative to killing animals for rabies diagnosis, alterna tives to aversive procedures in teaching experimental psychology, and the need for improved theoretical modeling in animal experimentation and research design. Following the precedent set in the first volume of Advances in Animal Welfare Science, we have included several papers dealing with people's attitudes toward animals. These papers range from a consider ation of cultural influences and veterinary ethics to an examination of anthropomorphism, to a discussion of the linkage between the environ mental politics and perceptions of the Green Movement and animal welfare and rights. We wish to express our gratitude to the Manuscript Review Commit tee for the excellent work they have done and to the twenty contributors to this volume which we believe will do much to advance the science of animal welfare, and the well-being of animals under man's dominion.
This man once told Peter to try to lure the animal with such a prize . The bear was
wary , but the white man spoke to it , telling it not to be afraid of Indians . Peter
tried again and the young bear put his paws on Peter's shoulders and ate the
Author: John Joseph Honigmann
Publisher: New Haven : Published for the Department of Anthropology, Yale University by the Yale University Press ; London : Oxford University Press