An Introduction to Behavioural Ecology

An Introduction to Behavioural Ecology

This work covers the influence of natural selection on behaviour - an animal's struggle to survive and reproduce by exploiting and competing for resources, avoiding predators, selecting mates and caring for offspring, and how animal ...

Author: Nicholas B. Davies

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9781444339499

Category: Science

Page: 506

View: 283

Additional resources for this book can be found at: www.wiley.com/go/davies/behaviouralecology This textbook helped to define the field of Behavioural Ecology. In this fourth edition the text has been completely revised, with new chapters and many new illustrations and full colour photographs. The theme, once again, is the influence of natural selection on behaviour - an animal's struggle to survive and reproduce by exploiting and competing for resources, avoiding predators, selecting mates and caring for offspring, - and how animal societies reflect both cooperation and conflict among individuals. Stuart A. West has joined as a co-author bringing his own perspectives and work on microbial systems into the book. Written in the same engaging and lucid style as the previous editions, the authors explain the latest theoretical ideas using examples from micro-organisms, invertebrates and vertebrates. There are boxed sections for some topics and marginal notes help guide the reader. The book is essential reading for students of behavioural ecology, animal behaviour and evolutionary biology. Key Features: Long-awaited new edition of a field-defining textbook New chapters, illustrations and colour photographs New co-author Focuses on the influence of natural selection on behavior, and how animal societies reflect both cooperation and conflict among individuals "The long-awaited update to a classic in this field is now here, presenting new direc­tions in thinking and addressing burning questions. Richly informed by progress in many other disciplines, such as sensory physiology, genetics and evolutionary theory, it marks the emergence of behav­ioural ecology as a fully fledged discipline..... This is a marvellous book, written in a lucid style. A must-read for those in the field, it is also a cornucopia of new thinking for anyone interested in evolution and behaviour." Manfred Milinski, Nature, 2012
Categories: Science

Primate Behavioral Ecology

Primate Behavioral Ecology

Primate Behavioral Ecology, described as “an engaging, cutting-edge exposition,” incorporates exciting new discoveries and the most up-to-date approaches in its introduction to the field and its applications of behavioral ecology to ...

Author: Karen B. Strier

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781317345206

Category: Social Science

Page: 432

View: 206

Primate Behavioral Ecology, described as “an engaging, cutting-edge exposition,” incorporates exciting new discoveries and the most up-to-date approaches in its introduction to the field and its applications of behavioral ecology to primate conservation. This unique, comprehensive, single-authored text integrates the basics of evolutionary, ecological, and demographic perspectives with contemporary noninvasive molecular and hormonal techniques to understand how different primates behave and the significance of these insights for primate conservation. Examples are drawn from the “classic” primate field studies and more recent studies on previously neglected species from across the primate order, illustrating the vast behavioral variation that we now know exists and the gaps in our knowledge that future studies will fill.
Categories: Social Science

An Introduction to Molecular Ecology

An Introduction to Molecular Ecology

Revised edition of: Introduction to molecular ecology / Trevor J. C. Beebee, Graham Rowe. 2008. 2nd ed.

Author: Graham Rowe

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780198716990

Category: Biologie moléculaire

Page: 535

View: 551

Revised edition of: Introduction to molecular ecology / Trevor J. C. Beebee, Graham Rowe. 2008. 2nd ed.
Categories: Biologie moléculaire

An Introduction to Behavioral Endocrinology

An Introduction to Behavioral Endocrinology

Now in full colour, this Fourth Edition retains all the features of the bestselling prior editions, and provides an integrated study of hormone “behavior “brain interactions, emphasizing a comparative approach.

Author: Randy Joe Nelson

Publisher: Sinauer Associates Incorporated

ISBN: 0878936203

Category: Medical

Page: 712

View: 656

"Now in full colour, this Fourth Edition retains all the features of the bestselling prior editions, and provides an integrated study of hormone -- behavior -- brain interactions, emphasizing a comparative approach. The text contains over 2,000 references and is accompanied by animations, video, sound files, and graphics to aid in understanding."--Publisher's description.
Categories: Medical

DNA Profiling and DNA Fingerprinting

DNA Profiling and DNA Fingerprinting

Jörg Epplen, Thomas Lubjuhnn. Behavioural Ecology Thomas Lubjuhn and
Klaus Peter Sauer 1 Contents 1 4 Introduction................................................................
....................... Methods............................................ 2.1 Extraction of DNA.

Author: Jörg Epplen

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9783034875820

Category: Science

Page: 252

View: 589

This manual presents practical approaches to using DNA fingerprinting and genetic profiling to answer a variety of biological and medical questions. It provides detailed methodology for setting up and performing experiments and evaluating results. Extensive troubleshooting tips, helpful hints, and advice for daily practice are also included. This will be a useful guide for scientists and researchers engaged in genetic identification and relationship analyses.
Categories: Science

Animal Behaviour

Animal Behaviour

Animal behaviour is a central topic of zoology, and with the development of ideas concerning the role of genes as well as environment the subject has been transformed.

Author: Tristram D. Wyatt

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780198712152

Category: Science

Page: 146

View: 286

Animal behaviour is a central topic of zoology, and with the development of ideas concerning the role of genes as well as environment the subject has been transformed. Tristram Wyatt gives a modern view, including a sense of the power of gene knock-outs, computing and image analysis to enable detailed experiments and observations of behaviour.
Categories: Science

Animal Signaling and Function

Animal Signaling and Function

Huntingford, F. and Adams, C. (2005) Behavioural syndromes in farmed fish:
implications for production and welfare. Behaviour ... J.R. and Davies, N.B. (1993
) An Introduction to Behavioural Ecology, 3rd edn, Blackwell, Oxford. Lailvaux, S.

Author: Duncan J. Irschick

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9781118966600

Category: Science

Page: 272

View: 740

The diversity of animal signals has been widely documented, and the generality of animal signals also tantalizingly suggests that there are common mechanisms that have selected for their origin. However, while much progress has been made on some fronts, we still lack a general theory about why the diversity of signaling structures exist. Our compilation will directly address this gap by focusing on an exciting new arena of sexual selection, namely using functional approaches to understand signaling. This approach is rooted in the idea that many signals are designed to transmit important functional imformation that is both important for issues of male quality (and hence male competition), and female choice. The increasing use of technology in sexual selection studies has enabled researchers to test whether signaling is either constrained by, or accurately transmits information about functional capacities. Further, in animals that fight vigorously, functional capacities such as endurance or strength may make the difference between winning and losing. This volume brings together a diverse collection of researchers who are actively investigating how function and signaling are related. These researchers use both a variety of methods and taxa to study animal signaling, and we believe that this integrative view is important to open up fresh vistas for why animal signals have evolved.
Categories: Science

The Behaviour of Teleost Fishes

The Behaviour of Teleost Fishes

... M.P. and May, R.M. (1985) “From Individual Behaviour to Population Dynamics'
, in Behavioural Ecology Symposium, ... 96, 253-69 Krebs, J.R. and Davies, N.B. (
1981) An Introduction to Behavioural Ecology, Blackwell, Oxford Laughlin, D.R. ...

Author: Tony J. Pitcher

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9781468482614

Category: Juvenile Nonfiction

Page: 553

View: 365

This book is about the behaviour of teleosts, a well-defined, highly successful, taxonomic group of vertebrate animals sharing a common body plan and forming the vast majority of living bony fishes. There are weH over 22000 living species of teleosts, including nearly all those of importance in com mercial fisheries and aquaculture. Teleosts are represented injust about every conceivable aquatic environment from temporary desert pools to the deep ocean, from soda lakes to sub-zero Antarctic waters. Behaviour is the primary interface between these effective survival machines and their environment: behavioural plasticity is one of the keys to their success. The study of animal behaviour has undergone revolutionary changes in the past decade under the dual impact of behavioural ecology and sociobiology. The modern body of theory provides quantitatively testable and experi mentaHy accessible hypotheses. Much current work in animal behaviour has concentrated on birds and mammals, animals with ostensibly more complex structure, physiology and behavioural capacity, but there is a growing body of information about the behaviour of fishes. There is now increasing awareness that the same ecological and evolutionary rules govern teleost fish, and that their behaviour is not just a simplified version of that seen in birds and mammals. The details of fish behaviour intimately reflect unique and efficient adaptations to their three-dimensional aquatic environment.
Categories: Juvenile Nonfiction

An Introduction to Marine Ecology

An Introduction to Marine Ecology

KREBS J . R . & McCLEERY R . H . ( 1984 ) Optimization in behavioural ecology .
In Krebs . J . R . & Davies N . B . ( eds ) , Behavioural Ecology : An Evolutionary
Approach , pp . 91 - 121 . Blackwell Scientific Publications , Oxford . KRUSE G . H
 ...

Author: R. S. K. Barnes

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1444313274

Category: Science

Page: 296

View: 599

This established textbook continues to provide a comprehensive and stimulating introduction to marine ecological concepts and processes. Based on a wealth of international teaching expertise, An Introduction to Marine Ecology is written to be the basis for an entire undergraduate course in marine biology or ecology. It covers the trophic, environmental and competitive interactions of marine organisms, and the effects of these on the productivity, dynamics and structure of marine systems. The strength of the book lies in its discussion of core topics which remains at the heart of the majority of courses in the subject, despite an increasing emphasis on more applied aspects. The authors maintain the tradition of clarity and conciseness set by previous editions, and the text is extensively illustrated with colour plates, photographs and diagrams. Examples are drawn from all over the world. In this edition, the scientific content of the text has been fully revised and updated. An emphasis has been placed on human impacts, and completely new chapters have been added on fisheries, marine ecosystems, and human interference and conservation. Completely revised and updated with a twofold increase in the number of illustrations. Adopts a more applied approach in keeping with current teaching. New chapters on fisheries, the marine ecosystem, conservation and pollution. Based on a proven and successful course structure.
Categories: Science

Metabolic Ecology

Metabolic Ecology

Krebs, J. R. and Davies, N. B. (1993 ) An Introduction to Behavioural Ecology.
Oxford: Blackwell. Kreft, H. and Jetz, W. (2007) Global patterns and determinants
of vascular plant diversity. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of
the ...

Author: Richard M. Sibly

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9781119968511

Category: Science

Page: 256

View: 630

One of the first textbooks in this emerging important field of ecology. Most of ecology is about metabolism: the ways that organisms use energy and materials. The energy requirements of individuals – their metabolic rates – vary predictably with their body size and temperature. Ecological interactions are exchanges of energy and materials between organisms and their environments. So metabolic rate affects ecological processes at all levels: individuals, populations, communities and ecosystems. Each chapter focuses on a different process, level of organization, or kind of organism. It lays a conceptual foundation and presents empirical examples. Together, the chapters provide an integrated framework that holds the promise for a unified theory of ecology. The book is intended to be accessible to upper-level undergraduate, and graduate students, but also of interest to senior scientists. Its easy-to-read chapters and clear illustrations can be used in lecture and seminar courses. Together they make for an authoritative treatment that will inspire future generations to study metabolic ecology.
Categories: Science

Primate Behaviour and Social Ecology

Primate Behaviour and Social Ecology

... (1981)An Introduction to Behavioural Ecology, Blackwell Scientific Publications
. Kroeber, A.L. and Kluckhohn, C. (1952) Culture: A critical review of concepts
and definitions. Pap. Peabody Mus. Am. Archael. Ethnol., 47. Kummer, H. (1967)
 ...

Author: Hilary O. Box

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9789400955387

Category: Science

Page: 284

View: 324

One of the most obvious changes that has occurred in behavioural biology in recent years is that it has become conspicuously a problem orientated subject. Moreover, one of the most impor tant consequences of this has been to stimulate interdisciplinary links between evolutionary biology, zoology, ecology, anthro pology and psychology. The time is now right to ask questions which relate whole animals in the contexts of their ecosystems, with their social behaviour and development, with their perceptual and cog nitive capacities. These are new ways of looking at old problems, but we are still at the stage of finding out what kinds of questions to ask. For several years now I have been involved in teaching behavioural biology to students of psychology as well as zoology, and have greatly appreciated the opportunity to relate material across many different subject areas. It is the interfacing of prob lems, as in ecology and psychology for example, that makes 'more sense' of topics such as 'intelligence', responses to 'novelty', feeding strategies and socialleaming. The aim of the book is to provide readily digestible information in a number of areas of current interest in behavioural biology. Above all, it is intended to provide a basis for discussion and further inquiry.
Categories: Science

Sensory Ecology Behaviour and Evolution

Sensory Ecology  Behaviour  and Evolution

I. Host egg discrimination. Journal of Animal Ecology, 58, 207–24. Davies, N. B.,
Kilner, R. M. & Noble, D. G. 1998. ... An Introduction to Behavioural Ecology,
Fourth Edition. Chichester: WileyBlackwell. Dawkins, M. S. 1971. Perceptual
changes ...

Author: Martin Stevens

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 9780191651472

Category: Science

Page: 264

View: 847

Throughout their lives animals must complete many tasks, including finding food, avoiding predators, attracting mates, and navigating through a complex and dynamic environment. Consequently, they have evolved a staggering array of sensory organs that are fundamental to survival and reproduction and shape much of their evolution and behaviour. Sensory ecology deals with how animals acquire, process, and use information in their lives, and the sensory systems involved. It investigates the type of information that is gathered by animals, how it is used in a range of behaviours, and the evolution of such traits. It deals with both mechanistic questions (e.g. how sensory receptors capture information from the environment, and how the physical attributes of the environment affect information transmission) and functional questions (e.g. the adaptive significance of the information used by the animal to make a decision). Recent research has dealt more explicitly with how sensory systems are involved with and even drive evolutionary change, including the formation of new species. Sensory Ecology, Behaviour, and Evolution provides a broad introduction to sensory ecology across a wide range of taxonomic groups, covering all the various sensory modalities (e.g. sound, visual, chemical, magnetic, and electric) relating to diverse areas spanning anti-predator strategies, foraging, mate choice, navigation and more, with the aim being to illustrate key principles and differences. This accessible textbook is suitable for senior undergraduates, graduate students, and professional academics taking courses or conducting research in sensory ecology/biology, neuroethology, behavioural and evolutionary ecology, communication, and signalling. It will also be of relevance and use to psychologists interested in sensory information and behaviour.
Categories: Science

Population Ecology

Population Ecology

Focus on biology rather than mathematical procedures Introduces new techniques and shortcuts gradually with carefully explained commands Includes an extensive glossary Undergraduates and postgraduates taking courses in population ecology, ...

Author: Ruth Bernstein

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 0470851481

Category: Science

Page: 170

View: 702

This carefully structured laboratory manual explores, by means of computer simulations, the key areas of population dynamics through time. Using simply presented exercises, it teaches the programming and analysing skills students need for creating their own models of population change. In this way, readers can contribute constructively to the conservation of endangered species and the control of pest species. Focus on biology rather than mathematical procedures Introduces new techniques and shortcuts gradually with carefully explained commands Includes an extensive glossary Undergraduates and postgraduates taking courses in population ecology, behavioural ecology and conservation will find this an ideal accompaniment.
Categories: Science

Fish Energetics

Fish Energetics

... Gibson, R.N. (1976), Prey 'handling-time' and its importance in food selection
by the 15-spined stickleback, Spinachia spinachia (L). J. exp. mar Biol. Ecol. 25,
151 Krebs, J.R. and Davies, N.B. (1981), An Introduction to Behavioural Ecology.

Author: Peter Tytler

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9789401179188

Category: Juvenile Nonfiction

Page: 349

View: 984

It is almost thirty years since Professor G. G. Winberg established the basis for experimental studies in fish energetics with the publication of his monograph, Rate of Metabolism and Food Requirements of Fishes. His ultimate aim was to develop a scientific approach to fish culture and management, and the immense volume of literature generated in the ensuing years has been mainly in response to the demand for information from a rapidly expanding, world-wide aquaculture industry and to the shortcomings of contemporary practices in fisheries management. The purpose of this book is not to review this literature compre hensively, but, assuming an informed readership, to focus attention on topics in which new knowledge and theory are beginning to be applied in practice. Most emphasis has been placed on food; feeding; production (growth and reproduction) and energy budgeting, as these have most influence on the development of fish culture. Some chapters offer practical advice for the selection of methods, and warn of pitfalls in previous approaches. In others the influence of new theory on the interpretation of studies in fish energetics is discussed in the context of resource allocation and adaptation. We hope that the scope of material presented here will have sufficient interest and value to help significantly to fulfil Winberg's original objectives.
Categories: Juvenile Nonfiction

Character Strengths and Virtues

Character Strengths and Virtues

An introduction to behavioural ecology (3rd ed.). Boston: Blackwell Scientific.
Krechevsky, I. (1937). Brain mechanisms and variability, II. Variability where no
learning is involved. Journal of Comparative Physiological Psychology, 23, 139–
163 ...

Author: Christopher Peterson

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0198037333

Category: Psychology

Page: 816

View: 180

"Character" has become a front-and-center topic in contemporary discourse, but this term does not have a fixed meaning. Character may be simply defined by what someone does not do, but a more active and thorough definition is necessary, one that addresses certain vital questions. Is character a singular characteristic of an individual, or is it composed of different aspects? Does character--however we define it--exist in degrees, or is it simply something one happens to have? How can character be developed? Can it be learned? Relatedly, can it be taught, and who might be the most effective teacher? What roles are played by family, schools, the media, religion, and the larger culture? This groundbreaking handbook of character strengths and virtues is the first progress report from a prestigious group of researchers who have undertaken the systematic classification and measurement of widely valued positive traits. They approach good character in terms of separate strengths-authenticity, persistence, kindness, gratitude, hope, humor, and so on-each of which exists in degrees. Character Strengths and Virtues classifies twenty-four specific strengths under six broad virtues that consistently emerge across history and culture: wisdom, courage, humanity, justice, temperance, and transcendence. Each strength is thoroughly examined in its own chapter, with special attention to its meaning, explanation, measurement, causes, correlates, consequences, and development across the life span, as well as to strategies for its deliberate cultivation. This book demands the attention of anyone interested in psychology and what it can teach about the good life.
Categories: Psychology

The Behavioural Ecology of Parasites

The Behavioural Ecology of Parasites

... Introduction An organism's foraging behaviour is a critical component of its life
history because acquisition of resources is closely linked with fitness , and
foraging mode can be correlated with a suite of ecological , behavioural ,
physiological ...

Author: E. E. Lewis

Publisher: CABI

ISBN: 0851997546

Category: Medical

Page: 384

View: 350

Parasites have evolved numerous complex and fascinating ways of interacting with their hosts. The subject attracts the interest of numerous biologists from the perspective of ecology and behavioural biology, as well as from those concerned with more applied aspects of parasitology. However, until now there has been no recent book to synthesize this field.This book, written by leading authorities from the USA, Europe, Australia and New Zealand, provides the most comprehensive coverage of this important topic on the market.
Categories: Medical

Behavioral Ecology and Population Biology

Behavioral Ecology and Population Biology

Several model systems are presented and explored with respect to sex ratios ,
maternal investment , life history characteristics and other behavioral traits . The
value and utility of ... An Introduction to Behavioural Ecology . Blackwell Scientific
 ...

Author: Lee C. Drickamer

Publisher: Privat

ISBN: UOM:39015025098628

Category: Animal behavior

Page: 150

View: 133

Categories: Animal behavior