An Introduction to the Kinetic Theory of Gases

An Introduction to the Kinetic Theory of Gases

The Gaseous State . On the other hand , it is possible for the whole of the liquid to
be transformed into vapour in this way , before a steady state is reached . Here
we have the kinetic theory picture of a gas — a crowd of molecules , each moving
 ...

Author: James Jeans

Publisher: CUP Archive

ISBN: 0521092329

Category: Science

Page: 311

View: 211

This book can be described as a student's edition of the author's Dynamical Theory of Gases. It is written, however, with the needs of the student of physics and physical chemistry in mind, and those parts of which the interest was mainly mathematical have been discarded. This does not mean that the book contains no serious mathematical discussion; the discussion in particular of the distribution law is quite detailed; but in the main the mathematics is concerned with the discussion of particular phenomena rather than with the discussion of fundamentals.
Categories: Science

A Kinetic Theory of Gases and Liquids

A Kinetic Theory of Gases and Liquids

Richard Daniel Kleeman. Physics 123 кL3K A KINETIC THEORY GASES AND
LIQUIDS BY RICHARD D .

Author: Richard Daniel Kleeman

Publisher:

ISBN: UOM:39015014658960

Category: Kinetic theory of gases

Page: 272

View: 635

Categories: Kinetic theory of gases

Transport Coefficients of Fluids

Transport Coefficients of Fluids

This culminated in the mean free path theory of Clausius [50] and the more
successful kinetic theory of gases of Maxwell [51]. Maxwell's kinetic theory of
gases was continued and improved in a very important way by Boltzmann [52],
who ...

Author: Byung Chan Eu

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9783540282167

Category: Science

Page: 408

View: 519

In this monograph, the density ?uctuation theory of transport coe?cients of simple and complex liquids is described together with the kinetic theory of liquids, the generic van der Waals equation of state, and the modi?ed free volume theory. The latter two theories are integral parts of the density ?- tuation theory, which enables us to calculate the density and temperature dependence of transport coe?cients of liquids from intermolecular forces. The terms nanoscience and bioscience are the catch phrases currently in fashion in science. It seems that much of the fundamentals remaining unsolved or poorly understood in the science of condensed matter has been overshadowed by the frenzy over the more glamorous disciplines of the former, shunned by novices, and are on the verge of being forgotten. The transport coe?cients of liquids and gases and related thermophysical properties of matter appear to be one such area in the science of macroscopic properties of molecular systems and statisticalmechanicsofcondensedmatter. Evennano-andbiomaterials,h- ever, cannot be fully and appropriately understood without ?rm grounding and foundations in the macroscopic and molecular theories of transport pr- ertiesandrelatedthermophysicalpropertiesofmatterinthecondensedphase. Oneisstilldealingwithsystemsmadeupofnotafewparticlesbutamultitude of them, often too many to count, to call them few-body problems that can be understoodwithoutthehelpofstatisticalmechanicsandmacroscopicphysics. In the density ?uctuation theory of transport coe?cients, the basic approach taken is quite di?erent from the approaches taken in the conventional kinetic theories of gases and liquids.
Categories: Science

Kinetic Theory of Gases

Kinetic Theory of Gases

where b is four times the space actually occupied by one mole of gas molecules.
It should be ... 5 It can be shown (J. O. Hirschfelder, C. F. Curtiss, and R. B. Bird,
Molecular Theory of Gases and Liquids, Wiley, New York, 1954, pp. 4, 156) that ...

Author: Walter Kauzmann

Publisher: Courier Corporation

ISBN: 9780486273433

Category: Science

Page: 272

View: 931

Monograph and text supplement for first-year students of physical chemistry focuses chiefly on the molecular basis of important thermodynamic properties of gases, including pressure, temperature, and thermal energy. 1966 edition.
Categories: Science

Viscosity of Liquids

Viscosity of Liquids

Among the theories of viscosity (a measure of internal friction) of fluids, those
related to gases are well developed compared to ... The simplicity of approach
adopted in the kinetic theory applied to gas viscosity, which is of natural interest
to the ...

Author: Dabir S. Viswanath

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9781402054822

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 662

View: 642

This book is unique in that it brings together published viscosity data, experimental methods, theoretical, correlation and predictive procedures in a single volume. The readers will get a better understanding of why various methods are used for measuring viscosity of different types of liquids and why an experimental method is dependent on fluid characteristics, such as Newtonian or non-Newtonian fluids.
Categories: Technology & Engineering

Introduction to Thermodynamics and Kinetic Theory of Matter

Introduction to Thermodynamics and Kinetic Theory of Matter

On the other hand, the liquidgas coexistence curve terminates at the critical
point. In other words, the spatial separation of the liquid and its vapor which
serves to discriminate between them is possible exclusively in a narrow pressure
and ...

Author: Anatoly I. Burshtein

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9783527618125

Category: Science

Page: 349

View: 250

Imparts the similarities and differences between ratified and condensed matter, classical and quantum systems as well as real and ideal gases. Presents the quasi-thermodynamic theory of gas-liquid interface and its application for density profile calculation within the van der Waals theory of surface tension. Uses inductive logic to lead readers from observation and facts to personal interpretation and from specific conclusions to general ones.
Categories: Science

A General Kinetic Theory of Liquids

A General Kinetic Theory of Liquids

A general kinetic theory of liquids I. The molecular distribution functions By M.
Born, F.R.S. and H. S. Green, Edinburgh ... It is shown that Boltzmann's equation
in the kinetic theory of gases follows as a particular case, and that, in equilibrium
 ...

Author: Max Born

Publisher: CUP Archive

ISBN:

Category: Kinetic theory of liquids

Page: 98

View: 389

Categories: Kinetic theory of liquids

The Kinetic Theory of Gases

The Kinetic Theory of Gases

CHAPTER XI APPLICATION OF THE KINETIC THEORY TO THE CONDUCTION
OF ELECTRICITY IN GASES great de ... positively charged , or by liberating from
a solid or liquid surface near the gas positively or negatively charged bodies .

Author: Leonard B. Loeb

Publisher: Courier Corporation

ISBN: 0486495728

Category: Science

Page: 687

View: 321

A pioneering text in its field, this comprehensive study is one of the most valuable texts and references available. The author explores the classical kinetic theory in the first four chapters, with discussions of the mechanical picture of a perfect gas, the mean free path, and the distribution of molecular velocities. Tbhe fifth chapter deals with the more accurate equations of state, or Van der Waals' equation, and later chapters examine viscosity, heat conduction, surface phenomena, and Browninan movements. The text surveys the application of quantum theory to the problem of specific heats and the contributions of kinetic theory to knowledge of electrical and magnetic properties of molecules, concluding with applications of the kinetic theory to the conduction of electricity in gases. 1934 edition.
Categories: Science

General Chemistry

General Chemistry

Liquid carbon dioxide is obtained by putting carbon dioxide gas under pressure;
it can exist only at pressures greater ... Liquids,. and. Solids. The different states
of matter were defined in Section 1.4, and the gas laws and the kinetic theory of ...

Author: Darrell Ebbing

Publisher: Cengage Learning

ISBN: 9781305887299

Category: Science

Page: 1152

View: 925

The eleventh edition was carefully reviewed with an eye toward strengthening the content available in OWLv2, end-of-chapter questions, and updating the presentation. Nomenclature changes and the adoption of IUPAC periodic table conventions are highlights of the narrative revisions, along with changes to the discussion of d orbitals. In-text examples have been reformatted to facilitate learning, and the accompanying Interactive Examples in OWLv2 have been redesigned to better parallel the problem-solving approach in the narrative. New Capstone Problems have been added to a number of chapters. Important Notice: Media content referenced within the product description or the product text may not be available in the ebook version.
Categories: Science

An Introduction to Fluid Mechanics and Heat Transfer

An Introduction to Fluid Mechanics and Heat Transfer

CHAPTER 1 INTRODUCTION AND DEFINITIONS Fluid mechanics is a subject of
widespread interest to engineers . ... The physical properties of gases can be
explained on a molecular picture by the kinetic theory of gases ( 1 ) , † but there
is ...

Author: J. M. Kay

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 0521098807

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 340

View: 443

First published in 1975 as the third edition of a 1957 original, this book presents the fundamental ideas of fluid flow, viscosity, heat conduction, diffusion, the energy and momentum principles, and the method of dimensional analysis. These ideas are subsequently developed in terms of their important practical applications, such as flow in pipes and channels, pumps, compressors and heat exchangers. Later chapters deal with the equation of fluid motion, turbulence and the general equations of forced convection. The final section discusses special problems in process engineering, including compressible flow in pipes, solid particles in fluid flow, flow through packed beds, condensation and evaporation. This book will be of value to anyone with an interest the wider applications of fluid mechanics and heat transfer.
Categories: Technology & Engineering

Kinetic Theory

Kinetic Theory

Preface THIS book was originally prepared as the third volume of the sequence
on Kinetic Theory in the Selected ... Theory of Gases and Liquids, emphasizing
practical applications, and by Harold Grad's article “Principles of the kinetic
theory ...

Author: S. G. Brush

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 9781483145853

Category: Science

Page: 294

View: 428

Kinetic Theory, Volume 3: The Chapman-Enskog Solution of the Transport Equation for Moderately Dense Gases describes the Chapman-Enskog solution of the transport equation for moderately dense gases. Topics covered range from the propagation of sound in monatomic gases to the kinetic theory of simple and composite monatomic gases and generalizations of the theory to higher densities. The application of kinetic theory to the determination of intermolecular forces is also discussed. This volume is divided into two sections and begins with an introduction to the work of Hilbert, Chapman, and Enskog that led to the formulation of the Chapman-Enskog theory. The Chapman-Enskog results are then compared with those of earlier theories with respect to viscosity, heat conduction, diffusion, and thermal diffusion. Subsequent chapters focus on alternatives to the Chapman-Enskog method and some mathematical problems; foundations of the kinetic theory of gases; and kinetic theory of processes in dilute gases and of heat conduction, viscosity, and self-diffusion in compressed gases and liquids. This book should be of interest to graduate students and others undertaking research in kinetic theory.
Categories: Science

Fluid Mechanics

Fluid Mechanics

CHAPTER 1 INTRODUCTION AND DEFINITIONS Fluid mechanics is a subject of
widespread interest to engineers . ... The physical properties of gases can be
explained on a molecular picture by the kinetic theory of gases ( 1 ) , † but there
is ...

Author: Kay, Jerald

Publisher: CUP Archive

ISBN: 0521092108

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page:

View: 265

Categories: Technology & Engineering

Encyclopedia of Surface and Colloid Science

Encyclopedia of Surface and Colloid Science

Buckle , E.R. A kinetic theory of cluster formation in the condensation of gases .
Trans . Faraday Soc . ... Hirschfelder , J.O .; Curtis , C.F .; Bird , R.B. Molecular
Theory of Gases and Liquids ; Wiley : New York , 1954 ; Chap 13 . 31.
Zettlemoyer ...

Author: P. Somasundaran

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 0849396077

Category: Science

Page: 6675

View: 574

Categories: Science

Chemistry

Chemistry

Picture 9 shows how we can explain this using the kinetic theory . When a solid
dissolves , it seems to disappear because its particles get spread out between
the particles of the liquid . The same sort of thing happens when a gas dissolves
in ...

Author: John S. Holman

Publisher: Nelson Thornes

ISBN: 0748762396

Category: Science

Page: 314

View: 595

This series builds on the Nelson Science and Nelson Balanced Science series. It was developed for those studying for a Double or Triple Award at GCSE. It includes coverage of all the major GCSE science specifications, a range of case studies and other materials to further develop ideas and evidence in science and a range of questions including actual examination questions.
Categories: Science

Gases Liquids and Solids

Gases  Liquids and Solids

Is the single - phase material now a high - density gas or a high - temperature
liquid ? To some extent this is a matter of semantics . 5.2 Kinetic theory of an
imperfect gas : van der Waals equation 5.2.1 Derivation of van der Waals
equation We ...

Author: D. Tabor

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 0521406676

Category: Science

Page: 418

View: 594

This is now the third edition of a well established and highly successful undergraduate text. The content of the second edition has been reworked and added to where necessary, and completely new material has also been included. There are new sections on amorphous solids and liquid crystals, and completely new chapters on colloids and polymers. Using unsophisticated mathematics and simple models, Professor Tabor leads the reader skilfully and systematically from the basic physics of interatomic and intermolecular forces, temperature, heat and thermodynamics, to a coherent understanding of the bulk properties of gases, liquids and solids. The introductory material on intermolecular forces and on heat and thermodynamics is followed by several chapters dealing with the properties of ideal and real gases, both at an elementary and at a more sophisticated level. The mechanical, thermal and electrical properties of solids are considered next, before an examination of the liquid state. The author continues with chapters on colloids and polymers, and ends with a discussion of the dielectric and magnetic properties of matter in terms of simple atomic models. The abiding theme is that all these macroscopic material properties can be understood as resulting from the competition between thermal energy and intermolecular or interatomic forces. This is a lucid textbook which will continue to provide students of physics and chemistry with a comprehensive and integrated view of the properties of matter in all its many fascinating forms.
Categories: Science

A Guided Approach to Learning Chemistry

A Guided Approach to Learning Chemistry

Whether a particular substance exists as a solid , liquid or gas depends on the
temperature . ... 2 Explanations using the kinetic theory We now consider the
explanation of the physical properties of the three states of matter using the
kinetic ...

Author: Mailoo Selvaratnam

Publisher: Juta and Company Ltd

ISBN: 0702142131

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 276

View: 511

Stress is laid on the intellectual skills and strategies needed for learning and applying knowledge effectively in this foundation text. Dr Selvaratnam sets out these strategies before focusing in on chemistry.
Categories: Business & Economics

Kinetic Theory and Thermodynamics

Kinetic Theory and Thermodynamics

Section B Short Part Q . 1 : Explain the cooling of liquid by evaporation taking
account kinetic theory of gas . Ans : All the molecules of a liquid do not move with
equal speeds , but the speeds are distributed about an average value which ...

Author:

Publisher: Krishna Prakashan Media

ISBN: 8182830370

Category:

Page:

View: 109

Categories:

Fluid Mechanics

Fluid Mechanics

(3.108) For an ideal gas with α = 1 P and considering the ideal gas equation
yields c= √ κRT. (3.109) For an ideal liquid with α ... Steinkopf, Dresden, 1965.
3.5. Hirschfelder, J.O., Curtiss, C.F., Bird, R.B., Molecular Theory of Gases and
Liquids, Wiley, New York, 1963. 3.6. Kienan 3.7. Present, R.D., Kinetic Theory of
Gases, ...

Author: Franz Durst

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9783540713425

Category: Science

Page: 723

View: 430

Fluid mechanics embraces engineering, science, and medicine. This book’s logical organization begins with an introductory chapter summarizing the history of fluid mechanics and then moves on to the essential mathematics and physics needed to understand and work in fluid mechanics. Analytical treatments are based on the Navier-Stokes equations. The book also fully addresses the numerical and experimental methods applied to flows. This text is specifically written to meet the needs of students in engineering and science. Overall, readers get a sound introduction to fluid mechanics.
Categories: Science

Physics

Physics

7.2 ) The kinetic theory of matter FIRST THOUGHTS Particles in motion : what
does this idea explain ? The difference between solids , liquids and gases for a
start , and the beauty of crystalline solids . The kinetic theory of matter states that
 ...

Author: Jim Breithaupt

Publisher: Nelson Thornes

ISBN: 0748762434

Category: Science

Page: 396

View: 788

This third editions of Key Science: Physics has been revised to meet the requirements of all 2001 GCSE specifications. It is suitable for middle-ability students, but has material for higher achievers, including in-depth content for all Separate Science specifications. Topics are differentiated between core material for Double/Single science and extension material for the Separate sciences.
Categories: Science

Chemistry

Chemistry

2.4 ) The kinetic theory of matter FIRST THOUGHTS Particles in motion : what
does this idea explain ? The difference between solids , liquids and gases for a
start , and the beauty of crystalline solids . The kinetic theory of matter states that
 ...

Author: E. N. Ramsden

Publisher: Nelson Thornes

ISBN: 0748762426

Category: Science

Page: 365

View: 574

This third edition of Key Science: Chemistry has been fully revised to meet the requirements of all 2001 GCSE specifications. It is aimed at middle-ability students, but contains enough material for high achievers. Topics are clearly differentiated between core material for GCSE science: Double-Award/Single-Award and extension material for GCSE science: chemistry.
Categories: Science